Mental Health Exam 2 - Mental Health Exam 2 CLASS 1 Know...

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Mental Health Exam 2 CLASS 1: Know Non-pharmacological Therapies: Psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, Behavioral Psychoanalysis : therapeutic process of assessing unconscious thoughts and feelings and resolving conflict by talking to a psychoanalyst. - Attend many sessions, not the sole therapy of choice - Developed by Sigmund Freud to resolve conflicts from early childhood. - Free association ( whatever comes to the mind), Dream Analysis & interpretation, transference (feelings the client has developed toward the therapist in relation to similar feelings toward significant persons in the client’s early childhood, use of defense mechanisms. - Classical Psychoanalysis: done often time over years and is not covered by most insurance policies - Repressed memories usually have to do with sexual abuse and it is blocked out and brought forward/ usually have to do with personality disorders. Psychotherapy: involves more verbal therapist to client interaction - The client and therapist develop a trust relationship - Focuses more on the client’s present state rather than early life. - IPT: interpersonal psychotherapy : assists clients in addressing specific problems. - Cognitive therapy is based on the cognitive model, which focuses on individual thoughts and behavior to solve current problems. Behavioral Therapies: - DEFINITION : based on the theory that behavior is learned and has consequences. Abnormal behavior results from an attempt to avoid painful feelings. Changing abnormal or maladaptive behavior can occur without the need for insight into the underlying cause of the behavior. - Primary treatment of anxiety, phobais, and substance abuse - Behavior is learned and effects problems solving and personality; to avoid stimuli - TYPES: o Modeling: a therapist or others serve as role models for a client, who imitates this modeling to improve behavior. Therapist demonstrates appropriate behavior in a stressful situation hoping the pt imitates the behavior. o Operant Conditioning : The client receives positive rewards for positive behavior. A client receives tokens for god behavior, and he can exchange them for a privilege or other items. o Systematic Desensitization: This therapy is the planned, progressive, or graduated exposure to anxiety- provoking stimuli in real life situations, or by imagining events that cause anxiety. During exposure, the client uses relaxation techniques to suppress anxiety response. It begins with the client mastering relaxation techniques and then the client is exposed to increasing levels of anxiety and is suppose to use the techniques. o Aversion Therapy : Pairing of a maladaptive behavior with a punishment or unpleasant stimuli to promote a change in the behavior. A therapist uses unpleasant stimuli, such as bitter taste or mild shock as punishment for behaviors such as alcohol or violence.
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