Chapters 12, 13, 14, and 15 Notes

Chapters 12, 13, 14, and 15 Notes - www.despair.com Chapter...

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www.despair.com Chapter 12 Personality A.  4 Theories of personality 1.      Trait Theory (Personality):  the goal of trait theorists is to classify and describe personality Not developmental at all Common Traits: traits shared by most members of a culture Individual Traits: define a person’s unique personal qualities Cardinal Traits: so basic that all of the person’s activities can be traced back to the trait o Abe Lincoln – “Honest Abe” o Mother Theresa – very giving Factor Analysis There are over 18,000 words in the English language to describe personality Factor Analysis      is a procedure that groups similar traits to a manageable number Cattell introduced the 16PF, but most researchers agree that the “Big Five”  is reflective of  all personality characteristics “Big Five” OCEAN o Openness to Experience Low Scores                                                                                     High Scores     Down-to-earth Imaginative Uncreative Creative Conventional  Original Uncurious Curious o Conscientiousness Low Scores                                                                                     High Scores     Negligent Conscientiousness Lazy  Hard-working Disorganized Well-organized Late Punctual o Extroversion Low Scores                                                                                     High Scores     Loner Joiner Quiet Talkative Passive Active Reserved Affectionate o Agreeableness Low Scores                                                                                     High Scores     Suspicious Trusting Critical Lenient Ruthless Soft-hearted
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Irritable Good-natured o Neuroticism Low Scores                                                                                     High Scores     Calm Worried Even-tempered Temperamental Comfortable Self-conscious Unemotional Emotional    2.      Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud, M.D. – History o Freud was a Viennese physician who thought his patients’ problems were more  emotional than physical.  o Freud began his work by using hypnosis and eventually switched to  psychoanalysis o Freud used cocaine and tobacco and died from oral cancer o More than 100 years later, his work is still influential and very controversial  3 Levels of Consciousness The conscious – the experiences which a person is aware of 
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Jenkins during the Fall '07 term at Seminole CC.

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Chapters 12, 13, 14, and 15 Notes - www.despair.com Chapter...

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