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sociology study guide

sociology study guide - = CHAPTER 5 = I Status Social...

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=== CHAPTER 5 === I: Status - Social Status: Position an individual occupies a. Ascribed Status: You're born with this b. Achieve Status: You can change this. You earn it. Can be positive, negative. -Master: Some ascribed/achieved statuses that you have. II: Roles - Role Conflict: When any two roles clash together - Role Strain: It's a conflict within the role (one role) (You're in class; a teacher asks a question, you're a good student. Even though you know the answer, you debate whether you should answer the question, or not answer the question in fear of the student body thinking you're a know-it-all) III: Goffman - Dramaturgy: Where your social life is like stage life a. Face Saving Behavior: Ignoring a flaw of a person b. Impression Management: The image we want others to see. IV: Personal Space: What's classified amongst people? - Intimate: With your lover, family, etc - Personal: With your close friends - Social: With casual friends, job interview - Public: With acquaintances, strangers etc V: Societies: - Pastoral: Finding animals, killing them, eating them - Horticulture: Planting crops, watching things grow, stay in one area - Agriculture: Social inequality, when they start to develop culture - Industrial: Industrial revolution (steam engine) - Postindustrial: Technology, information and services - Biotech: Different foods and medicines, cloning VI: Ethnomedology: Study of how people do things - Background Assumptions: Your idea on how life is and how things work (Garfunkel thought of this) - Thomas Theorem: Definition of a situation; a social construction of reality (If you can find something that is real, it will be real) VII: Macrosociology: Large scale of social class and how groups relate - Components: a. Social Structure: Patterns of a group (guides our behaivor) b. Socioeconomic Status: Income, Education, Occupational Prestigue c. Ascribed Status: SEE ABOVE d. Achieved Status: SEE ABOVE VIII: Microsociology: Small scale of social interactions - Components: a. Social Integration: How people interact with one another b. Symbolic Interaction: SEE ABOVE c. Personal Space: SEE ABOVE d. Dramaturgical Analysis: SEE ABOVE e. Ethnomedology: SEE ABOVE f. Social Construction of Reality: SEE ABOVE
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IX: Gemeinshaft vs. Gesellschaft:
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