Political Theory

Political Theory - Political Theory Plato September 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Political Theory Plato September 1 Political philosophy: fundamental set of opinions An activity that questions established views of philosophy, established assumptions Looks into views we take for granted Book 7 of the Republic: life is lived in a CAVE (we are unaware of knowledge or true righteousness) Platos Republic September 5 Socrates accused of corrupting the youth of Athens (brought values into question/disrepute) Justice is a reward in itself No private property, no families Three stringent social classes (not humane, not realistic) No choice in ones societal role or position A system of Justice that only protects individual freedom is not a just system (think about order...) Justice tries to give people what they are owed Government must protect business contracts Defend our right to possess private property Ex. Cyrus the Great, emperor of Persian Empire, must follow the LAW of the land in determining whether the big guy should be punished for stealing the big shirt of the little guy Cephalous: believes in making decisions w/ self discipline and good temper He has courage, morality, but no wisdom Businessman (strict, moral/immoral distinctions) Polemarchus: believes in giving back what is owed to someone Unless that person is danger to society Enemies should not receive automatic harm Thrasymarchus (SOPHIST) Morality is advantage of stronger party Dog-eat-dog world Antiquated capitalist Being just brings no physical profit September 8 Sophists teach rhetoric, not Q&A like Socrates Dialogue employed for entertainment Justice/morality are good rewards in themselves Would the Ring of Gyges affect moral and immoral people the same way? No satisfaction in lust for unlimited power Platonic community is not nice-looking, not perfect, but it is JUST September 13 Platos Republic Bad TA Lecture Socrates hates weekend warriors, doesnt want a voluntary army- soldiers assume a permanent place in hierarchical society Homer is like an amalgamation of Shakespeare of the Bible; responsible for giving realistic ideas and entertaining crowds to/of ancient Greeks Poems still hold meaning as forms of moral education (Paul Reveres ride?...) Moral values are pounded into Man again and again and again TELEVISION DEFENSE: the successful, unjust life is the best life Ex. The Gods act without regard for justice in the Iliad and Odyssey, they just do whatever they please and always come out on top The man whose going to be a fine and good guardian for us is going to be philosophic, spirited, swift, and strong Most stories told to children are false in fact, but hold true in their moral weight on childrens psyches Would you tell Homer this: no unjust humans, no unjust Gods, everything is good and righteous and moral Content censorship? Survey says: not approved by humansContent censorship?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course POL 10A taught by Professor Yack during the Fall '06 term at Brandeis.

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Political Theory - Political Theory Plato September 1...

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