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Roman - Roman History First Test ← August 31(900s BC Iron Age 700s Orientalizing Age 580s Archaic Period ← Early Rome • Aeneas flees Troy for

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Unformatted text preview: Roman History: First Test ← August 31 (900s BC Iron Age, 700s Orientalizing Age, 580s Archaic Period) ← Early Rome • Aeneas flees Troy for Latium • Centuries later, Romulus and Remus kill Amulius the Usurper • Romulus wanted city built on the Palatine (This whole story is actually BULLSHIT) • Rich people lived in Tuscany, Rome (Latium), and Campagna • Poor people lived in the Apennine Mountains and in the dry southeast corner ← ← City States • 770 BC: Greeks sail west looking for metal products, found Pithacusa Colony in Bay of Naples, spread all around Southern Italy (Magna Grecia) • 5 northern city states start with economic stability (known as Protourban nuclei) • 700s: Italians cultivate wine and olives • 730s: Aristocratic tombs w/ chambers (presence of families w/ big money) • 650s: Forum and Curia Hostilia constructed • City-states had calendar, aristocracy, organization, literacy, monuments ← ← September 6 (Archaic Rome, interrex, auspices, imperium, 7 kings in line of rule ending with Tarquin Superbus) ← Roman Kingdom • Families organized into clans • Monuments key to founding of city states • Regia might have functioned as a cluster of religious sites • Presence of government most critical to city state establishment • Wealth in southern Italy came from minerals • Etruscan artifacts prove Etruscan presence all over Italy • King Servius Tullius was allegedly the son of a slave • Auspices: reading of omens according to bird watching • 3 tribes x 10 curiae = 30 curiae in Rome • Curaie originally provided all Roman soldiers • 300 cavalry + 3000 infantry in a Curiacuriata • Servius Tullius built the early Servian Wall • Abolished the old tribes which were pro-patrician • 4 tribes in Rome, membership based on… • Census in Rome a little more thorough than modern censes, made timocratic (economic class) distinctions • Hoplites carried a lot of armor, breastplates, helmets • Richer you are, the more armor you can afford • Fought in phalanx formation • Tullius was a good tyrant (ruled fairly w/o peoples approval, but with popular support • Tarquin the Younger succeeded Tullius, and Tarquin succeeded by Sextus • Kings finally overthrown by Junius Brutus and L. Tarquin Collatinus • Junius Brutus actually won back power for aristocrats (REPUBLIC) ← ← September 7 (2 Consuls, fasces, 43 gentes, Rex Sacrorum, nexus, 12 Tables, 451 decemviri, clients, concilium plebes tributim) ← The Early Republic • 5 th century BC rooted in mix of legend and fact • Stories change from hand to hand • Consuls continued to exist through the Empire • Wealthier Romans could rig Centuriate elections • Imperium: power to issue orders • Senate was intended to be an advisory body (BULLSHIT) • Patricians descended from richest families of the Orientalizing Period (notable for possession of livestock) • Plebeians: nonaristocratic Roman citizen • Before 4 th century, Roman Law was unwritten...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 103A taught by Professor Kapelle during the Fall '06 term at Brandeis.

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Roman - Roman History First Test ← August 31(900s BC Iron Age 700s Orientalizing Age 580s Archaic Period ← Early Rome • Aeneas flees Troy for

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