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10/28/15 Sociology 001Study guide: 22-Dyer- “Anybody’s Son Will Do”Chapter 2 in War: TheLethal Custom.New York:Carroll and Graf (2005).1. Basic training isn’t about changing people; it’s about teaching them the skills that soldiers need.FALSE: "basic training involves a brief but intense period of indoctrination whose purpose is NOT really to teach the recruits basic military skills, but rather to change their values and their loyalities" "I guess you could say we brainwash them a little bit"2. For most young men, an important aspect of being a marine is learning how to be a real man.TRUE: "masculinity means being a warrior" Young men rationalize and idealize the idea of being a solider, "Basic training, whatever its hardships, is a quick way to become a man among men"3. Close order drill is taught (only) because today’s soldiers must be able to march into battle without flinching.FALSE: order drills teach two things: "orders have to be obeyed automatically and instantly" and "you are no longer an individual, but part of the group"4. Basic training is designed to be very difficult in order to weed out all but the superior recruits.FALSE: "drill instructors create and maintain the illusion that basic training is an extraordinary challenge, one that will set those who graduate apart from the others when in fact almost everyone can succeed" It's may to look that way but it really isn't.5. Why do armies prefer their soldiers to be young?"You can train older men to be soldiers... but you can never get them to believe that they like it, which is the major reason armies try to get their recruits before they are 20" Young people are: physically fit, likely to not have kids, and need money. They are enthusiastic and naïve. They play well into a structured environment.6. Many people have incorrect notions about why soldiers are willing to kill. Based on Dyer’s article, how do you convince someone to kill? What determines whether someone will pull the trigger or not?