12 IDs - CEE 102B James Watt Greatest engineering INVENTOR...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CEE 102B James Watt – Greatest engineering INVENTOR of industrial revolution. Conceived of separate condenser as improvement to Newcomen engine.1769 which resulted in huge reduction in heat loss (so efficiency gain). Partnered with Matthew Boulton. Matthew Boulton – Entrepreneurial industrialist who partnered with Watt to dominate steam engine market. 1775-1800 Henry Shreve * - Fulton’s steam boat competitor. Thomas Telford – Famous iron bridge designer (Craigellachie 1814, Menai Sraits 1826, etc). Combined utility/efficiency and beauty, efficiency. (manager of ad hoc construction sites) Robert Fulton – Combined existing ideas to make a steamboat; used Watt’s engine. Designer and promoter. 1809 steamboat patent. Robert Livingston * - Financial backer of Fulton who also secured him a monopoly in NY. Francis Cabot Lowell * - Studied textile mills in England, brought idea to US and created textile mills in Lowell, MA fueled by water power. 1820’s James Francis – Director of water power at Lowell. 1848 completed expansion of Northern Canal there and developed very efficient Francis Turbine. Coalbrookdale blast furnace – Famous British site, 1709 first succeeded in smelting of iron with coke! (coal), up until then used charcoal (wood). Iron Bridge – First large-scale metal structure ever built. 1779 Near Coalbrookdale, cast iron arches. Craigellachie Bridge Cast iron designed by Telford, 1814. Menai Straits Bridge -1826 Designed by Telford, world’s first modern suspension bridge. Watt rotary steam engine – 1782 rotative engine replaced up down piston motion with circular motion, good commercial application. Boulton insisted Watt develop this over Watt’s objection. Pearl Street Plant: (1880)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
It was the first power plant to supply electricity for incandescent light bulbs in the Wall Street district of New York, built by Edison with money from banker J.P Morgan. (Davis’ previous life) Transformer: (1885) The device that allowed for Westinghouse to use alternating current to be used to transmit electricity over longer distances than Edison could with direct current. A longer distance required lower current, but that was not suitable for house usage so the transformer stepped up the current and lowered the voltage, and vice versa from the plant for long distance lines. Telephone Patent: First 1880 The first patent was filed in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell, was mostly about a harmonic telegraph not a telephone, it provided the ability to send many messages at once. The patent also noticed what would become the telephones future potentials. The second patent filed in 1877 more clearly established the telephone and Bells technology of varying current by voice, as opposed to resistance, such as several other inventors who tried to file patents on the telephone. Oil refining/thermal cracking/continuous process/catalytic cracking: (1870-1930)
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/07/2007 for the course CEE 102A taught by Professor Michaelg.littman,davidp.billington during the Spring '06 term at Princeton.

Page1 / 20

12 IDs - CEE 102B James Watt Greatest engineering INVENTOR...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online