Sociology Term Paper - Running head RURAL AMERICA THE USE...

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Running head: RURAL AMERICA: THE USE OF METHAMPHETAMINE 1 Rural America: The Use of Methamphetamine Lexi Sanderson Sociology 101 April 3, 2015 Wayne State College
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RURAL AMERICA: THE USE OF METHAMPHETAMINE When you think of rural America, you think of slower living, your friendly neighbors, and tight-knit communities. While all of this is true, rural America has one other distinction, methamphetamine. Unlike so many other drugs that have a long journey before they can even get to our streets, meth is easy to make and uses easily accessible ingredients, especially in rural areas. Why are rural areas a target place for producers of meth? In rural areas, where anhydrous ammonia is used as a fertilizer, farmers are increasingly finding ammonia tanks emptied by the “cooks” that using this highly toxic chemical to produce meth. Much of the other ingredients can be commonly found in your local store. Methamphetamine is produced in homes, trailers, and shacks in rural areas and sold for a profit. We hear about methamphetamine on television, read it in the paper, and might even know someone who does it, but meth, however, is not a new drug. Although it has become more powerful in recent years as the techniques for its manufacture have evolved, methamphetamine (or simply meth) has been around for almost 100 years. Methamphetamine was developed in Japan in 1919 and went into use during World War II, when it was used to keep troops awake and was given to Japanese Kamikaze pilots before their suicide missions. After the war, methamphetamine abuse by injection was widespread when it became available to the Japanese public. In the 1950s, it was prescribed as a diet aid and to fight depression. The drug was easily available and was often used as a nonmedical stimulant by college students, truck drivers, and athletes as the abuse of the drug spread. Then in 1970, the US government made it illegal for most uses. After that, most of the production and distribution of the drug was controlled by 2
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RURAL AMERICA: THE USE OF METHAMPHETAMINE American motorcycle gangs until the 1990s, when Mexican drug trafficking organizations set up large laboratories in California and from there it spread across the United States and into rural areas. Methamphetamine has become the most dangerous drug problem of small-town America (National Association of Counties, 2005). According to data from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, over 12 million people (4.7 percent of the population) have tried methamphetamine at least one time and 1.5 million are regular meth users. Between the year 2004 – 2005, the survey noted that 10.4 million people 12 years old and over have tried meth at least once in their lifetime and approximately 1.3 million people reported using methamphetamine. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported that more men than women have tried meth in their lifetime, but for those that continue to do meth, women use methamphetamine equal to men. More whites than African-Americans, Latinos, or Hispanics have tried meth and are current users of Meth.
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  • Fall '14
  • ToddGreene
  • Sociology, Methamphetamine

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