Chapter Eight Notes

Chapter Eight Notes - Chapter Eight Kellie’s notes…...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter Eight: Kellie’s notes…. Chapter 7 Deviance o Deviance and Social Control • What is deviance? - Violation of social norms. • Not necessarily criminal • Not conforming to society • What is Social Control? - How Society controls deviance • could be as serious as putting someone in prison or as little as whispering about someone who is doing something different. • We, as a society, are very influenced by what people think of us. o Deviance and Biology • The Biological context - argument: born with certain characteristics that define your deviance • Research on Crime and Biology • Critical Evaluation - research has shown that a persons genetic make-up does not define deviance o Personality Factors and Deviance • Socialization and Deviance - a person commits deviance because they have not been properly socialized. • But if socialization is a life long process, how is this possible? • Reckless and Dinitz - theorists that did research on personality issue (NOT IMPORTANT) • Critical Evaluation o Sociological Foundations of Deviance • Deviance will vary by culture • People are labeled as deviant • Making/breaking ruled involves social power o Symbolic Interactionist Perspective • Labeling Theory • Reaction of deviance • If no one sees you commit a deviance act, it's not deviance. • Primary and Secondary Deviance • Primary Minor (run red light, speeding) Deviance doesn’t have full control of your life • Secondary Takes on the role of a deviant Major status Deviant acts are committed regularly/more often • Stigma • Reaction of other people to you when deviance is committed. • Types of Labeling • Retrospective Labeling Looks at past • Projective Labeling Looks at future • Sutherland's Differential Association Theory • If you are associated with groups, or people engaged in deviance, not only are you more likely to engage in deviance as well, but you will also be seen as a deviant. • Learned behavior • Hirschi's Social Bonding Theory • What is Social Bonding Theory? If you have strong bonds with society, you are less likely to commit deviance. • Bonding Agents: Attachment Commitment Involvement Beliefs • Critical Analysis of Symbolic Interaction • Deviance is a process • Deviance is in the reaction • Does not work well in explaining all deviance • Consequences are unclear o Structural Functionalist Analysis • Durkheim: Function and Deviance • Affirms cultural norms and values • Clarifies moral boundaries • Promotes social unity...
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Chapter Eight Notes - Chapter Eight Kellie’s notes…...

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