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Unformatted text preview: Chapter Eight: Kellies notes. Chapter 7 Deviance o Deviance and Social Control What is deviance? - Violation of social norms. Not necessarily criminal Not conforming to society What is Social Control? - How Society controls deviance could be as serious as putting someone in prison or as little as whispering about someone who is doing something different. We, as a society, are very influenced by what people think of us. o Deviance and Biology The Biological context - argument: born with certain characteristics that define your deviance Research on Crime and Biology Critical Evaluation - research has shown that a persons genetic make-up does not define deviance o Personality Factors and Deviance Socialization and Deviance - a person commits deviance because they have not been properly socialized. But if socialization is a life long process, how is this possible? Reckless and Dinitz - theorists that did research on personality issue (NOT IMPORTANT) Critical Evaluation o Sociological Foundations of Deviance Deviance will vary by culture People are labeled as deviant Making/breaking ruled involves social power o Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Labeling Theory Reaction of deviance If no one sees you commit a deviance act, it's not deviance. Primary and Secondary Deviance Primary Minor (run red light, speeding) Deviance doesnt have full control of your life Secondary Takes on the role of a deviant Major status Deviant acts are committed regularly/more often Stigma Reaction of other people to you when deviance is committed. Types of Labeling Retrospective Labeling Looks at past Projective Labeling Looks at future Sutherland's Differential Association Theory If you are associated with groups, or people engaged in deviance, not only are you more likely to engage in deviance as well, but you will also be seen as a deviant. Learned behavior Hirschi's Social Bonding Theory What is Social Bonding Theory? If you have strong bonds with society, you are less likely to commit deviance. Bonding Agents: Attachment Commitment Involvement Beliefs Critical Analysis of Symbolic Interaction Deviance is a process Deviance is in the reaction Does not work well in explaining all deviance Consequences are unclear o Structural Functionalist Analysis Durkheim: Function and Deviance Affirms cultural norms and values Clarifies moral boundaries Promotes social unity...
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- Spring '08