***Scientific Basis for Exercise 3534 Test 2 - Exercise is MedicineTM Scientific Basis for Physical Activity Eating alone will not keep a man well he

***Scientific Basis for Exercise 3534 Test 2 - Exercise is...

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Exercise is MedicineTM: Scientific Basis for Physical ActivityKIN 3534 Intro Lecture“Eating alone will not keep a man well; he must also take exercise. For food and exercise, while possessing opposite qualities, yet work together to produce health. For it is the nature of exercise to use up material, but of food and drink to make good deficiencies. And it is necessary, as it appears, to discern the power of various exercises, both natural and artificial, to know which of them tends to increase flesh and which to lessen it; and not only this, but also to proportion exercise to bulk of food, to the constitution of the patient, to the age of the individual, to the season of the year, to the changes in the winds, to the situation of the region in which the patient resides, and to the constitution of the year”- Hippocrates. Regimen: Book 1, 400 BC
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Please Read before next Lecture2008 Federal Guidelines for PAChapters 1 and 2 in GuidelinesReview Preliminary Section in Resource M.Focus on:Chapter 3: Exercise PhysiologyChapter 6: CVDChapter 8: Metabolic DiseaseChapter 10: Legal ConsiderationsChapters 11, 12, and 13 in Resource M.
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OutlineDefinitionsCDC trends in the U.S./LouisianaExercise is MedicineTM2008 Federal GuidelinesEpidemiologic supportRisk to benefit trade-offClinical trials
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DefinitionsPhysical activity (PA)Any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that results in a substantial increase in caloric requirements over resting energy expenditureExerciseA type of physical activity consisting of planned, structured, and repetitive bodily movement done to improve and/or maintain one or more components of physical fitnessPhysical fitnessA set of attributes or characteristics that individuals have or achieve that relates to their ability to perform physical activity
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DefinitionsCardiovascular disease (CVD)Heart and blood vessel disease; includes heart attack and stroke in addition to heart failure, arrhythmia, and heart valve problems.Coronary heart disease (CHD)The buildup of plaque (atherosclerosis) that can lead to a heart attack.Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)A disease characterized by high blood glucose levels due an inability of insulin secreted by the pancreatic beta cells to promote glucose uptake by the tissues.Hypertension (HTN)High systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure.
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Physical Activity, Obesity, and Diabetes TrendsBRFSS – Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey that collects six behavioral health risk factors:1.Smoking2.Alcohol use3.Physical activity4.Diet5.Hypertension (HTN)6.Safety belt useIn 2011, > 500k interviews were conducted Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation. National Diabetes Surveillance System available at Obesity (BMI≥30 kg/m2)Diabetes <4.5%Missing data4.5 - 5.9%6.0 - 7.4%7.5 - 8.9%≥9.0%18.0 -21.9%<14.0%Missing Data14.0 - 17.9%22.0 - 25.9%≥26.0%Age-adjusted Percentage of U.S. Adults Who Were Obese or Who Had Diagnosed Diabetes1994
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  • Fall '09
  • MICHEALWELSCH
  • kinesiology, Diabetes, physical activity, National Diabetes Surveillance

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