Notes - 1 February 4, 2008 Ancient Greece Mediterranean...

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February 4, 2008 Ancient Greece Mediterranean world is subdivided by peninsulas, mainly Italian peninsula o Italian peninsula cuts Mediterranean in half o Also the Greek peninsula which divides the eastern half of the Mediterranean Aegean ocean has a small island called Crete Develop independent political areas because they are isolated, however they trade with one another and have a common culture Climate in Aegean is typical: wet winters, hot and dry summer o Believed they had the best climate in the world o Associated climate with political realities o Political disunity and cultural unity which was recognized by the Greeks Human habitation starts around 35,000 years ago, population was sparse and settlements only had 15-25 people o Neolific revolution reaches Greece around 6500 BC Leads to stable and growing communities, larger populations, and social inequalities Larger settlements, “big men” took charge and funded the work of local craftsmen who learned how to work bronze, leads to a bronze age around 3000 BC in Greece Big men are able to convince communities that they are necessary for communities to flourish, but their power is not indefinite. Around 2100 these communities are destroyed. Between 2100 and 1600 culture in the Greek world began to transform. Styles in pottery, art, bronze, architecture, and burial customs all changed in this period. Language also changed, after 2100, proto-Greek begins to be spoken They believe there may have been an invasion, an indo- European language made its way into Greece Bronze age has little impact on people of Crete because processes of political building continued. Crete begins to emerge as a distinct civilization Series of structures, like palaces, are built with spacious courtyards, many many store rooms o Also were home to the first examples of writing o Pictographic script, where the signs do not stand for sounds, but ideas, concepts, etc. o Mutates into a new script, called Linear A, was used to keep track of economic data o 1750 BC the palaces come crashing down, isn’t known why, but we do know that the palaces were rebuilt o Minoan civilization (King Minos)- Minitar story Knossos is the size of a football field o Has the first indoor plumbing in the world 1
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o Had dozens of anti rooms, resting room, etc, and storage rooms (such as grain, oil, metal, wood, and weapons) o Redistributive economies, the palace stood at the center of the political and economic world o Contacts remain with the near east o Minoans construct colonies with Greece, however Minoans did not last, 1450 BC the palaces are raised to he ground by Greece Mycenaean Greece 1580-1150 o Tends to be build on hills o Central focus is rectangular building Megaron o Appearance of stores showing good economy, and writing Linear B o Slavic language (signs stand for syllables, rather than letters) o Linear B gives you facts o Rulers of Mycenaean period are known as Wanakes
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course WESTERN CI 32.153 taught by Professor Halfond during the Spring '08 term at Mass Colleges.

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Notes - 1 February 4, 2008 Ancient Greece Mediterranean...

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