Mood Disorders

Mood Disorders - Mood Disorders 1/9 I. Depressive Disorders...

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Mood Disorders 1/9 I. Depressive Disorders - Unipolar Based on a “episode” – an episode lasts at “least 2 weeks where there is either depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities… the individual must also experience at least 4 additional symptoms drawn from a list that includes changes in appetite or weight, sleep, & psychomotor activity; decreased energy; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions; one recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation, plans, or attempts. … The symptoms must be present for most of the day, nearly every day, for at least 2 consecutive weeks.” A. Major Depression 0. Symptoms of Major Depression 0. loss of interest/pleasure in activities; changes in sleep &/or eating patterns; fatigue; feelings of worthlessness; problems concentrating and making decisions; recurrent thoughts of death or suicide 1. Diagnosis 1. symptoms occur during same 2 week period 2. cause significant distress or dysfunction 3. no evidence or history of manic episodes 1. Symptoms – thoughts of suicide, sleep abnormality, feelings of worthlessness, fear, guilt, & powerlessness. 2. Onset – typically mid 20’s - 50%-60% of individuals that have suffered a major depressive episode are expected to have another.
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Mood Disorders 2/9 3. Prevalence – 10-25% of women / 5-12% of men B. Dysthymic Disorder Adjustment disorder with depressed mood 2. Symptoms 4. similar to those in major depression 5. chronic (long-lasting) 3. Diagnosis 6. depressed mood 2. for most days for at least 2 years 7. no history of manic disorder 8. cause distress and dysfunction C. Seasonal Affective Disorder – a specific form of depression - SAD is also known as depression with a seasonal pattern – here people become depressed during a specific time of year. During this period – individuals tend to eat & sleep excessively. Lamps are often used as treatments. D. Postpartum Disorder – after pregnancy II. Bipolar Disorders (previously manic-depressive) - bipolar is a condition in which a person alternates between periods of depression & Mania.
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Mood Disorders 3/9 - Mania – the opposite of depression – in the manic phase, individuals are constantly active & uninhibited
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course CLP 4414 taught by Professor Hubertz during the Spring '08 term at FAU.

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Mood Disorders - Mood Disorders 1/9 I. Depressive Disorders...

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