Personality Disorders

Personality Disorders - Personality Disorders I. What is...

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Personality Disorders 1/5 I. What is Personality? - when we use the word personality – we imply some consistency or continuity about the individual – across time & situation. - it also implies that this is something that originates from within the individual – but this is debatable. And that there is something distinctive in a characteristic of the person that summarizes what they are like - e.g., warm vs. cold A. Conceptions of Personality Personality : is typically defined as the organized combination of traits, values, characteristics, & behaviors that are unique to each individual. personality traits: that is stable dispositions such as sociability, shyness, hostility, extroversion, independence, etc. Allport (1961) argues that personality “is a dynamic organization, inside the person, of psychological systems that create the person’s characteristic patterns of behavior, thoughts, and feelings" 1. it is organized – a whole – not separate parts 3. it’s tied to the physical self 4. it’s causal – affecting how people perceive things & acts as a motivational force B. 2 major issues in personality: 1. individual differences – differences in each person that make them unlike anyone else on the planet. – e.g., shy, sociable, hostile, extroverted, neurotic, open, etc. 2. intrapersonal function – “psychological processes that take place w/ in the person”. Or the organization of all the different processes w/in an individual that leads them to think & feel & behave in certain ways II. Major perspectives in personality A. Biological – this approach (with some overlap to the trait / dispositional approach, argues for a bio bases of personality. Here personality is inherited. This includes the evolutionary approach that argues personality evolved over time w/ successful traits being selected. This perspective also includes the effects of hormones B. The dispositional or Trait approach: the main idea here is that there are stable characteristics inherent to people that can be studied & measured. It is assumed these traits are stable over time & situation. This also leads psychologists to attempt to determine if polar characteristics (e.g., introversion / extroversion,
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Personality Disorders 2/5 masculinity / femininity) are different dimensions OR opposite ends of a continuum. As Bem has proposed that you can be High in both Masc. & Fem. (androgyny) this would indicate that masc./fem are 2 diff. dimensions – NOT a continuum!
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course CLP 4414 taught by Professor Hubertz during the Spring '08 term at FAU.

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Personality Disorders - Personality Disorders I. What is...

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