Theoretical Perspectives-r

Theoretical Perspectives-r - Theoretical Perspectives &...

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1/15 I. Freud’s theory - The Psychodynamic Approach Psychological Basis of Mental Disorder Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) this approach & theories w/ in this approach basically look at the interplay of conflicting forces operating w/in an individual. These forces can be unconscious – what these forces are, are a matter of debate - ex/ Freud – sexual energy A. psychoanalysis & the unconscious – Freud termed his approach to therapy psychoanalysis –his method of explaining & dealing w/ personality which was based on the interplay b/w conscious & unconscious forces. He believed that the unconscious is the repository of memories, emotions, & thoughts (many of which are illogical). These things affect our behavior even if we are unaware of it. slips – or slips of the tongue, dreams, and physical symptoms, reveal our unconscious thoughts, motives, and anxieties. B. the conflict - Although he early on attributed emotional reactivity & overreactions to sexual difficulties he later revised it to cite traumatic (typically sexual) experiences in childhood. Originally he said it was sexual abuse but later said it was fantasies of sexual abuse. This was the root of his:
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2/15 1. “oedipal complex ” that little boys desire mom sexually & want to aggress against dad 2. “Electra complex ” – a comparable feeling in girls. Freud clearly felt that conflict gives rise to personality & its many aspects (e.g., aggression, frustration, anxiety, phobias, etc.) C. Criticisms that it’s not parsimonious – rather it all seems far-fetched. Small n II. Psychosexual Development & the structure of Personality Freud argued for stages of psychosexual development Freud used the term psychosexual pleasure to include “all strong, pleasant excitement arising from bodily stimulation”. How you deal with psychosexual development is critical in determining one’s developing personality. the libido is sexual energy focused on different parts of the body. If normal development is blocked at any stage the libido then becomes fixated at that stage – meaning it continues to seek pleasure to the area that corresponds to that stage. A. Psychosexual Stages Oral Stage - birth – 1 – psychosexual pleasure is from stimulation of mouth – particularly sucking i.e., breast feeding
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3/15 Anal Stage – 1-3 – psychosexual pleasure is from bowel movements Phallic Stage – 3-5 – children begin to play w/ their genitals – fixation can lead to penis envy (only in girls) or castration anxiety in boys. Latent period
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course CLP 4414 taught by Professor Hubertz during the Spring '08 term at FAU.

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Theoretical Perspectives-r - Theoretical Perspectives &...

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