SOCI-169 Final Exam Study Guide - Soci 169 Final Exam Study...

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Soci 169 Final Exam Study GuideSpring 2015The final will take place on Tuesday, May 12th from 11:00-1:00pm and will cover all course materials assigned since the midterm. All lecture, discussion section, and readings are fair game. The exam is closed book. It consists of 20 multiple choice questions (3 points each = 60 points), and 10 short answer questions (6 points each = 60 points). The midterm is worth 120 points, or 30% of your course grade. MAKE 4x6 CHEAT SHEET Key Concepts from lectures and the textWeek 8: Race & EthnicityVariation among pan-national racial-ethnic groups (e.g. Hispanic, Asian)Race-ethnic group: people who share a common identity and think of themselves as distinct by virtue of culture, ancestry, and sometimes physical characteristicsMain Race-Ethnic Groups in the U.S.oEuro-American (non-Hispanic white): 63%oHispanic of Latino: 17%oAfrican American: 13%oAsian American: 5%oNative American: 1.2%Hispanic identityoMost Hispanics prefer their family’s country of origin over pan-ethnic terms. To describe their identity:51% most often use their family’s country of origin24% most often use the terms “Hispanic” or “Latino”21% most often use the term “American”Diverse family patterns of Hispanic AmericansoMexicans: marry younger, more children mainly due to recent immigrantsoPuerto Ricans: consensual unions, more births outside of marriageoCubans: better educated and more well-off, live in immigrant enclaves, more married couple familiesIntersectionality Race-ethnicity, gender, and class are not independent analytic categories that can be simply added together, rather, they are simultaneous and linked identitiesoRace is “gendered” and “classed”oGender is “racialized” and “classed”oClass is “gendered” and “racialized”Differences in family structure by race-ethnicityStructural explanations (I.e. Given structural conditions, black families have had to look beyond the nuclear family for support/extended familism e.g. grandmothers, black church)oSocial class, povertyoConditions of immigrationoHistorical and contemporary discriminationCultural explanations oCultural “tool kits” deployed in response to structural conditionsMost sociologists would stress that changing the structural conditions would be more effective than changing cultural conditions. This suggests improving material conditions and making marriage attainable, not promoting marriage per se.Moynihan Report on the African American Family in 1965Non-marital births and divorce produced a “tangle of pathology” in the AA familyStated that AAs could only achieve equality with the “establishment of a stable Negro family structure”
Soci 169 Final Exam Study GuideSpring 2015Many thought that this was blaming the victim, and that poverty was the root cause of family instabilityIgnored resilience of the African American family and its use of extended family ties to cope with poverty and single parentingPressures on marriage that once seemed unique to Black families are now seen among low-income whites and 2

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