SOCI-169 Midterm Study Guide - Soci 169 Midterm Study Guide...

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Soci 169Midterm Study GuideSpring 2015The midterm will take place on Tuesday 3/3 and will cover all course materials assigned through Thursday, 2/26. All lecture, discussion section, and discussion section readings are fair game. The exam is closed book,closed note. It consists of 20 multiple choice questions (2.5 points each = 50 points), and 10 short answer questions (7 points each = 70 points). The midterm is worth 120 points, or 30% of your course grade.Key Concepts from lectures and the textWeek 1: IntroTwo views on family change – family decline vs. family change-Family Decline: Marriage has weakened as an institution due to a cultural and moral weakening. Values of selfish individualism have undermined “family values.” Divorce laws are more liberal. Declining families have put a “generation at risk” (increases in poverty, absence of fathers). The solution is to change the culture of marriage and parenthood.-Family change: The family is changing to adapt to large-scale societal changes. Changes in women’s lives in work and family roles have given them broader opportunities. This is caused by economic change in which Americans value increased independence and choice. The solution is to address structural mismatches in employment, schools, and policy.Private family (NO CHILDREN)-Consequences for family members only-Two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last, and who live in thesame household and pool their income and household labor-The intimacy, whether it be parent-child attachment, sexual among the partners, or sharing of inner selves, is the crux of this familyPublic family (CHILDREN)-Consequences for family members and other families, the public-One adult, or two adults who are related by marriage, partnership, or shared parenthood, who is/are taking care of dependents, and the dependents themselves-The presence of dependentsis the key to this definition-Dependency can be defined economically, or based on help-Benefits: “produce” children (the next generation of producers and consumers), care for young/poor/elderlyBy performing these tasks they are saving the public funds it would cost to do soPublic goods-Things that might be enjoyed by people who did not directly pay for or produce themselves-Children might be considered a public good-Social Security as an example-The “free rider” problem-Tendency for people to obtain public good when others produce the goodThe family as a social institution-Guided by social norms (rules), formed by social roles (e.g. wife), fits into social structure -Roles, rules, and responsibilities that define family relations (e.g., women as “kin-keepers”)-Important external forces that shape family structure and function (e.g., the economy/state)-Consequences of family change (e.g., the well-being of children)-Long-term “health” of the family in American society (e.g., trends in domestic violence)
Soci 169Midterm Study GuideSpring 2015NOTECARD-Public Family-Examples: Married couple, cohabiting couple, or single parent with children; single person caring

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