Buddhism - Lesson Three Buddhism HUM 216 "World Religions"...

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Each BOLD PRINTED WORD is also discussed in the Handbook. Further discussions may also be found in the textbook. Lesson Three Buddhism HUM 216 “World Religions” Spring Semester 2008 Discussion Outline 1. Basic considerations in the study of Buddhism 2. The Religious Language of Buddhism 3. The Family of Terms and Concepts 1) Terms for the sacred. 2) Terms for the nature of reality. 3) Terms for the nature of humanity 4) Terms for the nature of religion 5) Terms for the nature of society 6) Terms for sacred scriptures 4. The Triple Refuge 5. The Major Divisions in Buddhism 1) Theravada Buddhism 2) Mahayana Buddhism 3) The Basic Differences 6. The Buddha 7. The Dharma 1) The Basic Teachings 2) The Four Noble Truths 8. The Sangha 9. Hints for Reading Molloy Buddhism 1 Reading Assignment: Molloy: Chapter 4 Handbook : Buddhism
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Remember: not every concept in the textbook is discussed in the Handbook nor in our lesson discussions, but the student is still responsible for the content. Buddhism Basic considerations in the study of Buddhism 1. The religion of Buddhism originates from the same culture as Hinduism. Thus, the student is challenged to learn the distinctions between Hindu and Buddhist use of religious and cultural terms, such as KARMA , DHARMA , and samsara. Shared terms will be discussed in class. 2. Buddhism, along with Sikhism and Jainism, developed outside mainstream religious and cultural traditions in India. Buddhism can be understood to be a reform movement within the dominant Hindu society. As a reform religion, Buddhism was quite adaptable to other cultures and cannot be called a “natural” religion, compared to Hinduism. 3. Buddhism and Hinduism seek essentially the same goal but both provide distinctive paths to follow. Buddhism is liberal regarding maintaining cultural traditions while Hinduism is predominately linked inseparably to the Indian culture. 4. Since Buddhism is not a theistic religion, the religion challenges the student in the West to consider religious paths that do not center upon the belief and worship of a deity, though Buddhism does not discount the role of deities in cultural traditions. The student will answer the question “Can a person practice a religion that does not worship G OD ?” 5. Buddhism began in India but quickly spread throughout Asia. The present section will study the origins and fundamental teachings of Indian Buddhism; Chinese Buddhism and J APAN B UDDHISM will be addressed in the following testing period, under Chinese and Japanese Religions. 6. Central to the brief study of Buddhism in the present class is the Triple Refuge: B UDDHA , Dharma (Teachings), and S ANGHA (Buddhist Community). 7.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HUM 216 taught by Professor Burden during the Spring '08 term at University of Louisville.

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Buddhism - Lesson Three Buddhism HUM 216 "World Religions"...

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