Chapter 11 - Page 1 of 3 Chapter 11 Personality: An...

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Page 1 of 3 Chapter 11 Personality : An individual’s unique collection of consistent behavioral traits (across time and situation). Used to Explain: o Stability in a person’s behavior over times and across situation ( consistency ). o The behavioral differences among people in the same situation ( distinctiveness ). Personality Traits: A durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations. (moody, impulsive, suspicious, friendly) o Gordon Allport : Identified over 45000 personality traits. o Raymond Cattell : used factor analysis to reduce the number of personality traits to 16 basic dimensions. o Factor Analysis : Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify closely related clusters of variables. o Five Factor Model of Personality Traits ( Robert McCrae, Paul Costa)” OCEAN” Extraversion : (positive emotionally) Characterized as outgoing, sociable, upbeat, friendly and assertive. Neuroticism : (Negative emotionally) Characterized as anxious, hostile, self-conscious and insecure. Openness to Experience : Characterized by curiosity, flexibility, fantasy, imaginative, artistic sensitivity. Agreeableness : Characterized by sympathy, trusting, cooperative and modest Conscientiousness : (Constraint) Characterized by diligence, discipline, punctual and dependent. Psychodynamic Perspectives : All the diverse theories descended from the work of Freud that focus on unconscious mental forces and childhood experiences Freud Grew up during the Victorian era (sexual repression) and WW I (aggressive hostilities) Psychoanalytical Theory : Attempts to explain personality , motivation and disorders by focusing on early childhood experiences , unconscious motives / conflicts
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSY 105 taught by Professor Gordon during the Fall '07 term at University of North Carolina Wilmington.

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Chapter 11 - Page 1 of 3 Chapter 11 Personality: An...

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