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Buddhist MonasticismWhat is a monk/nun?oTaking and keeping vows in a ritual of ordinationoIn which a master will give the vows to a person taking themoSomeone who has taken the vows from someone who themselves takes the vowsoThis lineage of the vows is importantoIf you take the vows from someone who has broken the vows so the ordination is not validReadingsEstablished an order of monks and an order of nunsApplied the lessons he learned called the VinayaoMiddle way between sensual indulgence and self mortificationNo lasting happiness is to be found in worldly pleasuresGive themselves over to life of discipline and restraintThe permanent peace of nirvanaThe attitude of prisoners who only think about release from incarcerationoIs necessary condition to entering monastic lifeOrdained at an early ageMany of these children felt a deep devotion to religious lifeIn Tibet a monk's life is more financially secure than a typical villageroEducation and door to civil service positionsThey are someone who has taken the monastic vow in the Buddhist ordination ceremonyThree forms of ordinationoReunciate (rapjung)oNovice (getsul)oFull ordination (gelong)Take give vows of a layman and addition vowsoShave heads, robsNovice take 10 vowsMonks enter as children because of parents, they think that they will benefit from itOld monks enter on their own due to religious reasonsChildren enter as monks they are allowed to enter practice when they scare away crows at 7Main goal is to abandon sensual enjoyment and attain nirvanaAn official member of the Sera is required to have one of three forms of ordination: reunciate, novice,or fullAll serious textualists eventually receive full ordinationWhat are the levels of ordination?oGiving and taking that extends from present time to a long time agooConflict regarding women's ordinationoTwo levels of vows: full ordination and novice ordinationoHow many vows do fully ordained monks take? 253oA fully ordinated nun that has 10/36 vowsoAt a certain point in time that the lineage that the lineage of full ordination for nuns died outAt one point there weren't enough nuns to ordains new onesoPush to reestablish the full ordination of nuns for Tibet
oKarmpa- the one who will ordain the nunWhat are the four principle vows?oThey all have to take and keepoIf they break one of these vows, they ensure defeatoIt means they are no longer a monkoSexual intercourse is not allowed, 1st vowThe vows are generatedFor a man, any penetration up to a sesame seed and experiences pleasures means he isdefeatedFor women, being penetrated onto the depth of the sesame seedIf a nun tries to seduce a man by rubbing up against him this is the same level of defeatoTheft, 2nd vowSomething significantly valuable that you can be prosecuted foroIntentionally killing a human being, 3rd