Sociology Lecture 1 - Sociology looks at-Human CondiTon(eg...

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What is Sociology? Sociology is the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society. It shows that there can be a range of different social arrangement(including our own) over time and space, and that individuals and group actions are influenced by social arrangements. What is the Sociological Perspective? Emile Durkheim 'The whole is greater than the sum of its parts' A group of individuals give rise to social norms, values, etc. __________________________________________________________________________________ C. Wright Mills Individual Society Biography History Action Structure Private Trouble Public Issue __________________________________________________________________________________ Peter Berger Sociology is about debunking (exposing hidden structure of forces or interests) 'The world is not what it appears to be' There are both manifest and latent functions in society and its institutions Manifest function - The 'officially defined' purpose Latent function - The 'underlying' purpose Sociology is subversive (attempts to transform/challenge the current social order) in nature. 'The world can be different from what it is' Alternative social arrangements are possible
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Unformatted text preview: __________________________________________________________________________________ Sociology looks at:-Human CondiTon (eg. Oppressed or Liberated?)- Human Behaviour (eg. Are we manipulated by society? Do we not have free will?)- Social Order & Social Structure- Stability- ±ensions & Con²icts- Change Key Figures in the Sociological Field Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)- Believed that social life can be analyzed as rigorously as objects and events in nature( Social Fact ) eg. Suicide- Focuses on what binds society together ( Social Solidarity ) eg. Shared Values- Popularized the term 'Anomie' (CondiTon where there is an absence or con±ict of social norms) eg. When a dictator is overthrown Karl Marx (1818-1883)-Believed that in a society with class con±icts(Feudalism) will bring about revoluTon(Capitalism) and would eventually become a classless society(Som) Max Weber (1864-1920)- Believed that social change is produced by ideas and meaning, and not structure ( Verstehen )- Believed that modern society involves raTonalizaTon, bureaucracy, e²ciency(raTonal calculaTon) and procedures....
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