India - Chapter Essay #7 1. Raga is defined as that which...

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Chapter Essay #71. Raga is defined as “that which colors the mind. In fact, in Sanskrit the primarymeaning of the word is “coloring, dying, and tingeing.” The Raga is a connection withgenerating feelings and emotions in human beings—with “coloring” the mind and the heart. Araga is an expressive entity with a “musical personality” all its own. This musical personality is,in part, technical—a collection of notes, a scale, intonation, ornaments, resting or pillar tones.Most of all, it includes a portfolio of characteristic musical gestures and phrases—bits and piecesof melody—that give it a distinct and recognizable identity. Each raga has its rules about the waya musician may move from one note to another and particular ways of ornamenting certain noteswith slides and oscillations. But, aside from its scale, a raga cannot be written down; it is part ofthe oral tradition. One gets to know a raga gradually by hearing one’s guru or other mastermusicians perform it over many years. Traditional texts associate particular ragas with humanemotions: the nine traditional rasas —love, anger, sadness, fear, disgust, wonder, heroism,laughter, religious devotion—plus a possible tenth, utter peacefulness. Ragas may also beassociated with colors, animals, deities, a season of the year, a time of day, or certain magicalproperties. There are similarities between raga and maqam like rhythmic cycle, mode-based, and

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Term
Fall
Professor
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Tags
Music, Carnatic music, Raga, raga rendition

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