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7-1 FINAL PROJECT: THESIS DRIVEN ESSAYITALY & GERMANY DEVELOPMENTHIS 118 World Civilizations from 1500Dr. Donald ShafferAmanda McCallarDecember 19th,,2021
1IntroductionGlobalization impacted the development of states from 1500 to the present as a result of thedemand to explore new trade routes and civilizations with the expectation of obtainingwealth and land extensions. European sailors were sent on voyages to explore and investigateworld-wide waters in order to build sea lanes that would help with trade over long distances.In addition to the demand for exploration of new trade routes and civilizations, Globalizationimpacted the development of states from 1500 to the present as a result of religious conflict.During this time there was a weakening of political leadership by the Catholic Church thatled to the development of the Nation States. Nation States were vital to how the Nations weregoverned.Research and AnalysisThe 1848 upheaval in the German nations of Central Europe attempted to open up a newgoverning group for the liberals and socialists. despite the attempt, this was not successful. 1848,referred to as the “Year of Revolutions” according to History, acknowledges the multiplerevolutions that spread through Europe during this time. Italy, France, Germany, and the AustrianEmpire each were subject to insurgencies that were enacted for a multitude of purposes.Although the liberal revolts in 1848 were unsuccessful at the time, uniting Germany and Italywas not a lost cause. It was believed that countries that were larger and stronger were able tohave a bigger influence in Europe. Because of this belief, revolutionaries would soon support theidea of forming smaller regions into nations.
2Although the Germanic states struggled with starting a new social or governmentalstructure and ultimately failed, this made their reconstruction all the more impressive. TheGermanic countries were blessed with the ability to settle in spots that were almost the exactsame, no matter where they began. In the beginning of the revolution, the middle and workingclasses came together to develop a system that would allow for their plans to come to fruition ina united Germany. However, the division within the working class and the middle class’sindifference did not coincide with the beliefs that were held in order to have a successful revolt,which ultimately led to a failed revolution.1Social and Philosophical ForcesAlthough some say that the Enlightenment started in the mid-seventeenth century, andothers insist that it was a result of the French Revolution, it lacks a formally acknowledged“begin” or “end” point. The Age of Enlightenment began to slowly fade out as Romanticismcame into play but managed to maintain power through the nineteenth century. “TheEnlightenment ideals of freedom, equality, and popular sovereignty inspired political revolutionsin much of the Atlantic Ocean basin, and the revolutions, in turn, helped spread Enlightenment

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