Exam 4 Study Guide

Exam 4 Study Guide - Exam 4 Study Guide Chapter 14- Stress...

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Exam 4 Study Guide Behavioral medicine - an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease. Health Psychology - a subfield of psychology that provides psychology’s contribution to behavioral medicine. Stressors - certain events that we appraise as threatening or challenging. Stress - the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors , that we appraise as threatening or challenging. Seyle - Hans Seyle. His 40 years of research on stress extended Cannon’s finding and helped make stress a major concept in both psychology and medicine. Studied animals’ reactions to various other stressors such as electric shock, surgical trauma, and immobilizing restraint. He discovered that the body’s adaptive response to stress was general – General Adaptation Syndrome General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)- Selye’s concept of the body’s adaptive response to stress in three stages 1. Stage 1- Alarm - you experience an alarm reaction due to sudden activation of your sympathetic nervous system. Your heart rate zooms. Blood is diverted to your skeletal muscles. You feel the faintness of shock. 2. Stage 2- Resistance- temperature, blood pressure, and respiration remain high. There is a sudden outpouring of emotions. 3. Stage 3- Exhaustion - you are more vulnerable to illness or even, in extreme cases, collapse and death. Stress Response System - two track system. 1. The sympathetic nervous system prompts the release of the stress hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine from nerve endings in the inner part of the adrenal. 2. The cerebral cortex, by way of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland directs the release of glucocorticoid stress hormones from the outer part of the adrenal glands. Cannon - Walter Cannon – confirmed that the stress response if part of a unified mind-body system. Epinephrine & Norepinephrine - stress hormone released from nerve endings in the inner part of the adrenal gland. Fight or flight response -triggered by the two track response systems. Could be heavier breathing, tense muscles. Glucocoricoids - released by the direction of the cerebral cortex from the outer part of the adrenal glands. Cortisol - a glucocorticoid stress hormone. Adrenal Glands - release hormones. Located on the top of the kidneys. Sympathetic nervous system - the division of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body, mobilizing its energy in stressful situations. Catastrophes - unpredictable large-scale events such as war and natural disasters that nearly everyone appraises as threatening. Stressor Life Events - second type of life-event stressor is a significant personal life change- leaving home, the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, a marriage, a divorce. Life transitions and insecurities are often keenly felt during young adulthood Daily Hassles - our happiness stems less from enduring good fortune than from our response to daily events – a perfect
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PSY 0010 taught by Professor Joshuafetterman during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Exam 4 Study Guide - Exam 4 Study Guide Chapter 14- Stress...

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