SocialPsyCh4 - Ch. 4: Perceiving Persons Social Perception...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch. 4: Perceiving Persons Social Perception 0. Social perception: The process by which we come to understand one another. 1. We’ll look at: 0. The “raw data” of social perception. 1. How we explain and analyze behavior. 2. How we integrate our observations into coherent impressions of other persons. 3. How our impressions can subtly create a distorted picture of reality. Observation The Elements of Social Perception The Elements of Social Perception: Persons 2. Do we sometimes judge a book by its cover? 3. First impressions are often subtly influenced by different aspects of a person’s appearance. 4. We prejudge people based on facial features. 4. We read traits from faces, as well as read traits into faces, based on prior information. 5. We judge “baby-faced” adults differently than “mature-faced” adults. Why Do We Judge “Baby-Faced” Adults Differently? 5. Three possible explanations: 6. Humans are genetically programmed to respond gently to infantile features. 7. We learn to associate infantile features with helplessness and then generalize this expectation to baby-faced adults. 8. There is an actual link between physical appearance and behavior. The Elements of Social Perception: Situations 6. We often have “scripts” or preset notions about certain types of situations. 9. These scripts enable us to anticipate the goals, behaviors, and outcomes likely to occur in a particular setting. 7. These scripts help us understand other people’s verbal and nonverbal behavior. How Do Scripts Influence Social Perception? 8. We sometimes see what we expect to see in a particular situation. 9. People use what they know about social situations to explain the causes of human behavior. The Elements of Social Perception: Behavioral Evidence 0. We derive meaning from our observations by dividing the continuous stream of behavior into discrete units. 1. How we divide a stream of behavior can influence perception in important ways.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
0. When we break an event into fine rather than gross units, we detect more meaningful actions and remember more details about the person’s behavior. 1. By breaking events into fine units, we become more familiar with the actor being observed and we come to view that actor in a more positive light. Silent Language of Nonverbal Behavior 10. Behavioral cues are used to identify a person’s inner states, as well as his or her actions. 10. But this can be tricky, as people often try to hide their true emotions. 11. What nonverbal cues do we use to judge how someone is feeling? 11. Facial expressions: Are they universal? Figure 4.1: Some Common E-mail “Emoticons” Other Nonverbal Cues 12. Body Language 12. The ways in which people stand, sit, walk, and express themselves with various gestures. 13. Eye Contact or Gaze
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

SocialPsyCh4 - Ch. 4: Perceiving Persons Social Perception...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online