Second Paper-psych

Second Paper-psych - Gloria Li February 19, 2008 Social...

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Gloria Li February 19, 2008 Social Psych Second Paper Summary of experiment An “Obedience and Disobedience to Authority” experiment was conducted at Yale University by psychologist Stanley Milgram. The purpose of this study was to systematically group the factors believed to alter the degree of obedience to the experimental commands, to learn under what conditions submission to authority is most probably, and under what conditions defiance is brought to fore. Pilot studies were done in order to determine the four conditions the subjects were to be put into. The groups were determined by the results from the pilot studies. The four groups are remote feedback where the victim is placed in another room and cannot be seen or heard, voice feedback where conditions are similar to condition one but voice protests were introduced, the third condition is proximity where it is similar to the second condition but the victim is placed in the same room as the subject, the fourth is touch proximity where the subject has to force the victim to place their hand on the electric plate. It is found that as the victim becomes psychologically closer to the subject, the mean maximum shock administered by the subject became lower. The result was explained through six different phenomenon by the experimenters: Empathic cues, denial and narrowing of the cognitive field, reciprocal fields, phenomenal unity of act, incipient group formation and acquired
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Second Paper-psych - Gloria Li February 19, 2008 Social...

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