C7 Week 10 LARC last

C7 Week 10 LARC last - Catherine Barba Violence in CA...

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Catherine Barba Violence in CA Correctional Facilities: An Empirical Examination of Sexual Assault Issue: Inmate sexual assault is a public health and human rights issue and a management issue in correctional facilities. Resolution: Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 and Sexual Abuse in Detention Elimination Act of 2005 to reduce sexual assault/rape Important questions: proportion of inmates assaulted in CA correctional facility? Demographics/characteristics of victims? of transgender inmates 3) interview: 111 q’s, daily prison life, emotional heath, fear of victimization in prison, personal victimization from sexual and non-sexual assaults, safety and reporting, gang affiliations, past and current incarcerations Prevalence: more than 4% of 3222 inmates in CA reported being sexually assaulted in CA correctional facility. Transgender inmates 13x more drawn to sexual assault -2 measures of rape – oral or anal penetration by force of threat Characteristics of Victims: every random inmate in random sample reported sexual assault with the exception of Asian inmates 18-25. Homosexuals and black inmates more vulnerable to sexual assault . 2/3 had mental problems. Characteristics of Incidents: occurred in dorms, cells, showers for transgender inmates. Occurred mostly in the afternoon. 2/3 of sexual assault by gang-members. The lived experience of Sexual Assault/Misconduct: “fact of prison life” Research and Policy Recommendations: 1st: research inmate sample include women and juveniles. 2nd: focus on broader range of sexual assault, such as staff-on-inmate sexual/assault/misconduct. 3rd: fund response to sexual assault in prisons. Study led to further advances in: addressing overcrowding to reduce violence. Policy considerations that inform initial and permanent housing assignments. Consideration of sexual orientation, race/ethnicity, mental health status, physical stature play in sexual violence. The Sexual Abuse in Detention Elimination Act of 2005 addresses age, violent or nonviolent offender, prior commitments, and a history of mental illness. Research suggests sexual orientation, race/ethnicity, phys stature should be included. Should find policies that allow inmates to report sexual assault. Develop peer education program to educate inmates about sexuality, bodily integrity, consent, and ways to avoid coercion. Prison structured with a commitment to zero tolerance for sexual assault. Punishment Beyond the Legal Offenders
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-Researches found that penalties have transformative effects on families, intimates, and neighbors ofcriminals. -legally innocent people have to alter their behavior, reorient expections, suffer changes in health, social and economic repercussions, confinement. -Morris constructed a method of predicting whether marital relationships
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course CRM LAW SC C7 taught by Professor Schmann during the Spring '08 term at UC Irvine.

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C7 Week 10 LARC last - Catherine Barba Violence in CA...

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