Bio 101 - Lecture 2

Bio 101 - Lecture 2 - Prisoners of Silence Is Facilitated...

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1 Prisoners of Silence Is Facilitated Communication (FC) a valid method for communicating with autistic individuals? Should FC be used for communicating with autistic individuals? Does it matter? What do you think about Dr. Biklen (the proponent of FC)? What does the FC institute say? http://soeweb.syr.edu/thefci/ THERE IS EMPIRICAL RESEARCH TO SUPPORT THE VALIDITY OF FC Controlled studies: Intellectual Disabilities Review Panel, 1989 Calculator & Singer, 1992 – Letter to editor Vazquez, 1994 – brief report Weiss, Wagner & Bauman – one subject Observational studies and autobiographical accounts provide evidence that the method works THIS IS NOT SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE!!!!!! Prisoners of Silence What are the pitfalls of doing science? Observations Ask questions Hypothesis Prediction Experiments Alternate hypothesis Test: Experiment or additional observation Test supports hypothesis: Make additional predictions Test does not support hypothesis: Conduct additional tests; revise or pose new hypothesis Autistic individuals can communicate using FC Who is communicating: individual or facilitator? Facilitator is actually communicating Double blind – no effective communication unless both see prompt No communication X Facilitated Communication Does this mean that FC does not work? Why did people think FC would work? What were the issues with the initial studies? Facilitated Communication What were the issues with the initial studies? “Pseudoscience” – anecdotal evidence, testimonials without application of scientific method No baseline data or controls No tests of hypotheses Reactions of proponents Proponents argue tests invalid but don’t conduct tests of their own Therapists who use FC unsuccessfully are blamed for not doing it correctly or not believing that it will work
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2 Facilitated Communication Controlled research that does not support FC is criticized by suggesting lack of rigor and procedure… Even though studies said to support FC lack same level of rigor and procedure Selected findings, rather than the
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Bio 101 - Lecture 2 - Prisoners of Silence Is Facilitated...

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