Anna Kleopoulos WOH 1030 November 9, 2015 The War to End All Wars A catalyst arose causing for a war. It all started with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. This War was called World War I(Bonner). This war involved the Central powers against the Allies(Bonner). Those involved include Germany, Austria- Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, The United States, France, Russia, Italy and Japan(Showalter). World War I was encompassed by trench warfare and modernized weaponry. Modernized weaponry included machine guns, chemical weapons and tanks(Showalter). H.G. Wells who was a British writer wrote, “we have not sought this reckoning, we have done our utmost to avoid it; but now that it has been forced upon us it is imperative that it should be a thorough reckoning”(Showalter). The phrase, “the war to end all wars” became a common slogan during this time period; used by civilians but also the Powers(Bonner). People saw World War I as the biggest war in history thus far(Showalter). People saw this war as so fully encompassed by carnage that it was not just another war, but it was the last war(Trueman). World War I caused ten million deaths, eight million to be imprisoned and twenty-one million people to become wounded(Showalter). This war was not “the war to end all war because there were many wars following this one. Optimism masked the thoughts of the outcome and scale of the conflict. World War I did not prevent the inevitable heinous effects and events that were to come(Trueman). Since World War I did not prevent future wars, there have been so many wars since then. The wars following World War I have caused destruction, mayhem and
death(Showalter). Countries’ economies have been demolished(Showalter). These Wars have had long-term effects, especially with regards to the soldiers(Showalter). Veterans need long-term care to aid with the detriments to their psychological and physical state because of the war(Bonner). A common example of war syndromes is post-traumatic stress disorder(Bonner). Germany started World war II (Bonner). The beginning of World War II was the invasion of Poland by Germany in 1939(Bonner). The response to this was France and Britain declaring war on Germany on September 3rd of 1939(Bonner). During World War II, an American bomber dropped the first atomic bomb over Hiroshima, a Japanese city(Winkler). This explosion killed around 80,000 people immediately(scaruffi). The bombs dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki also had long-term effects on the civilians(Bonner). Birth defects and
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