Federal Judiciary PoliSci - PoliSci Federal Judiciary I...

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PoliSci10/20/2015Federal Judiciary I. Definitions and Distinctions-State vs. Federal CourtsFederal courts concern federal laws and protectionsState courts deal with state laws and protections Federal questions in state laws -Criminal vs. Civil lawCriminal Law: Cases where a law is broke and society seeks punishment Civil Law: Disputes between individuals, organizations, and the government in which actors seek compensation**Clicker Question: **Clicker Question: -Laws vs. DoctrineCongress makes laws, courts create doctrine Judicial doctrine = Guidelines set forth by the court for the consideration of certain types cases Procedural doctrine = Guidelines establishing how lower courts workSubstantive doctrine = Guidelines judges follow to determine which party should prevail (Lemon Test) **CQ:**CQ: -Constitutional vs. Legislative CourtsConstitutional courts: Those established in Article IIIDistrict Court, Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Court

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