Evaluate Ethics in Measurement and Research

Evaluate Ethics in Measurement and Research - 1 Evaluate...

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1 Evaluate Ethics in Measurement and Research Researchers greatly depend on appropriate measuring devices from which valid, reliable, and objective inferences can be drawn from test scores (Miller & Lovler, 2012). Research ethics is comprised of many topics, including the construction of a test and psychometrics. During the process of constructing a test for measurement, it is essential that certain principles (ethics) that guides the decision-making process of testing be taken into consideration. Ethics is considered a major issue that confronts test constructors and researchers alike (Miller & Lovler, 2012). This paper will address ethical issues involved with test construction, test administration, and test use, which are cornerstones of the assessment process. “Ethics codes prescribe and proscribe behaviors professionals are expected to display so as to best serve and protect the public” (Leach, 2014, p.72). While it is important to remember that all scientific research is susceptible to error and that researchers are human and prone to making honest mistakes, it is just as important that they consider the obligations that they must adhere to professionally (National Research Council, 2009). Not only do they have an obligation to themselves, but to their colleagues and to the public. Irresponsible actions and conduct—manipulating data; sharing data as soon as it is generated; and falsifying information, fabricating research results, and plagiarism—while constructing tests and then using those tests in research can result into ethical issues (National Research Council, 2009). When referring ethics to test construction it is focused on the psychometrics and professional knowledge of research methods (Kline, 2005). The psychometric characteristics of an instrument in itself is primarily important in test use (Kline, 2005). According the American Psychological Association (APA) (2010), “Psychologists who develop tests and other assessment techniques must use appropriate psychometric procedures and current scientific or professional
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