05 Socrates - #1 Thing Pre-Socratics are interested in is...

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#1 Thing Pre-Socratics are interested in is the Cosmos in generally – the Nature of Things. Democritus brings us to the point when Socrates was young. Huge shift with Socrates: He was not interested in the cosmos, in the nature of things. He was interested in civilization, the structure of human life, the building blocks of civilization: truth, knowledge, beauty, courage, love, etc. Human life & human values. He was born in 470 BC and died in 399. His father was a stonemason, a skilled worker, who worked in the quauaries. His mother was a professional midwife. Only 1 alllusion to his childhood: when he was very young, he tried out some art, but we don’t know what. When he was 17 or 18, he joined the military – which was compulsory for 2 years. He continued in the military as a professional soldier, and he received some notoriety for encouraging the troops to defeat the enemy in 1 story and in the other he fought alongside a friend Alsabaiades in hand to hand combat. Als fell down and Socrates stayed by his side until aid came. He retired from the military, got a pension, and returned to Athens. Maybe he had PTSD or something, but he started asking questions and reading the pre-Socratics. He was disappointed, saying that they were not asking the important questions, that is, about human life and human value. He started asking people: the poets, what is inspiration? Politicians, what is power? General, what is courage? Throwing yourself in the face of the enemy. What about killing them by shooting from the top of a hill w/ arrows? Would we be courageous to throw ourselves into them then?
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