STD ASSIGNMENT.docx - Chlamydia Chlamydia is the most...

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ChlamydiaChlamydia is the most common STD in the UK. It is also easily curable - chlamydiatreatment usually consists of a single dose antibiotic. About 50% of men and 70% ofwomen don’t have any symptoms for years (if at all).Whensymptoms of chlamydiaappear, people often suffer from abnormal vaginal dischargeand vaginal bleeding, discharge from the tip of the penis and pain when peeing or duringsex.When left untreated, chlamydia can lead to infertility in women and men. When you’reinfected with chlamydia, other STDs may also be present.SymptomsThe symptoms of chlamydia are often mild and therefore hard to notice. Symptoms maybecome noticeable 1-3 weeks following infection and include:Unusual discharge from thevaginaorpenisPain during sexual intercourse in womenBleeding following sexual intercourse in womenPain and swelling in thetesticlesPain and burning during urinationPain in the lower abdomenRectal pain and bleeding (if therectumis infected).Diagnosis and TreatmentLaboratory tests that detect the chlamydia bacteria are the best way to diagnose thedisease. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends routine screening forpregnant women and women under the age of 25 who are sexually active.Swab test.A swab of cervical discharge in women or the urethra in men is culturedand tested for the presence of the chlamydia bacteria. In some instances the sampleis collected from the anus.Urine test.This test looks for evidence of bacteria in the urine and does not requirea pelvic swab.Chlamydia can be treated and fully cured with antibiotics such as azithromycin ordoxycycline. The infection is cleared within 1-2 weeks of starting treatment, during whichtime it is important to abstain from sexual activity in order to prevent disease transmission.If left untreated, chlamydia can spread to theuterusandfallopian tubesin women andcause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - a serious condition that can result in permanentscarring and infertility. In men, the infection can spread to theepididymisandprostate
gland, causing pain and fever. Infected women who are pregnant may pass the disease totheir newborn during childbirth.PreventionThe best way to prevent chlamydia is by practicing abstinence or maintaining amonogamous sexual relationship with a non-infected partner. Correct use of condomsduring both vaginal and rectal intercourse helps reduce the risk of contracting chlamydiaand other STDs. All sexually active women under the age of 25 should seek routinescreening for early detection and treatment of chlamydia. Pregnant women receive routinescreening for chlamydia as part of prenatal testing. Individuals with a previous history ofchlamydia can become reinfected and should continue to practice these preventativemeasures.

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, chlamydia

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