ps162powerptexam1

Ps162powerptexam1 - LATIN AMERICA WHAT IS IT Region south of Rio Grande to tip of South America 8 mill sq miles Huge 2.5 times size of U.S Frozen

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LATIN AMERICA – WHAT IS      IT? Region south of Rio Grande to tip of   South America. 8 mill sq miles, Huge, 2.5  times size of U.S. Frozen wind swept land of Patagonia to  South: Tropics of Central America and  Caribbean; rain forests, largest mountain  chain on earth, savanna grasslands,  driest desert on earth (Northern Chile)  Has second longest river on earth,  carrying more water than any other  (Amazon).
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      Subregions  of Mexico, Central America  and Caribbean, South America, 34  nations, 500 million  8.5% of world  pop. Despite what former vice president Dan  Quayle said, people in L.A. do not speak  Latin.  They speak Spanish, Portuguese,  French, English  and native Indian  tongues. Spanish is the main one. Ethnically and racially diverse-;  pre- Colombian civilizations: Incas, Aztecs,  Mayans. These indigenous peoples. But  they are divided into many ethnic groups. Example. The Aymara Indians, conquered  by  Incas in 1400’s, who live primarily in  Bolivia and Peru.
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                  Aymara Indians of Bolivia
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Evo Morales, President of Bolivia and Aymaran
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Mestizo- mix of European and Native Indian race. Mulatto- Mix of African slave and European Zambos- mix of Indian and African
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Africans brought over in slave trade. After Slavery abolished in L.A. Brazil being last in 1888- other sources of cheap labor needed. Thus, Chinese brought into Peru; East Indians brought into British West Indies.
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Italians, Spanish, Germans, Swedes, Irish, Jews also came. Labor shortages filled by Immigrants. Reasons for emigration: new economic opportunities to escape from persecution to pioneering. Example- Jews emigrated to Argentina in early 1900’s. Why? new promised land, long before Palestine. Most fertile land in L.A. open immigration policy Some Jews escaping pogroms in Russia and Eastern Europe. Jews settled in rural communities and became farmers. Gradually moved to cities. Buenos Aires has a Jewish pop.
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Rural- Urban-  Latin America once a mostly rural place, is  now urbanized.   1950- 41% of pop in cities. Today, 75%.  Country like Argentina, 90% urban, Brazil  83%, Uruguay, 93, Venezuela 88%.   Shift from farms to cities- increased  mechanization on large farms, lost  employment opportunities there;  Wage employees on large farms once  owners of their own plots.   But too small, no where to expand.  Overtime, subdivided into even smaller  plots for the next generation; impossible  to earn a living.  Futility of farming very small plots pushes  them first to the large plantations and after  that to cities.
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Cities show great contrasts: between wealth and poverty.
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course POSC 162 taught by Professor Pion-berlin during the Winter '08 term at UC Riverside.

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Ps162powerptexam1 - LATIN AMERICA WHAT IS IT Region south of Rio Grande to tip of South America 8 mill sq miles Huge 2.5 times size of U.S Frozen

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