1. Reconstruction - Reconstruction I Union Victory Constants in the American Dream a 1 Self improvement b 2 Racial minorities have less access then

1. Reconstruction - Reconstruction I Union Victory...

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Reconstruction I. Union Victory Constants in the American Dream a. 1. Self improvement b. 2. Racial minorities have less access then white men Slavery c. Slavery survived because the early American economy was dependent on it. The Birth of the nations capitalist economy was a burden carried on the backs of black slaves d. Ignored black voters Reconstruction e. 1860s- blacks were given rights of citizenship, just for them to be taken away A. The “Great Emancipator”- Abraham Lincoln Self-taught lawyer, skilled orator, and an ambitious, tactful Illinois politician, pragmatist (not a saint) Republican, supported ambition 1858- became famous. Debates against Douglas. Lincoln engaged in racial politics. Racist to gain political support. Cuts both ways on slavery debate Emancipation Proclamation- not how presidency began Peace with confederates Promised South- He wouldn’t aloud slavery to expand, but allow it in the South 1863- Emancipate slaves, aloud blacks to serve in union army (less pay & not promoted) and gain citizenship Doesn’t care that slavery isn’t moral B. “Forty Acres and a Mule” o General Sherman In 1864 and 1965, general William T. Sherman, and architect of modern “total war”, produced essential Union victories in the southeastern Confederacy. Sherman’s Special Field Order No. 15, which provided 40-acre plots and mules, was an early wartime template for postwar Reconstruction. Blacks were defined as property not humans Blacks received freedom, but second hand citizens C. Freed Slaves’ Aspirations & Southern White Expectations 260,000 men died fighting for the Confederacy or 1/5 of the Souths adult male population Some families in the South lost entire life saving Destruction of animal, farm buildings, etc.
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Sherman’s famous, or notorious, “March to Sea” at the end of the civil war survived by pillaging isolated plantations and left southern cities in ruins South lost war, southern economy was ruined after civil war lost II. Presidential Reconstruction (1865-67)- Driven by Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson (Lincolns vice president) Johnson (Southern Democrat), only southern senator who remained in office after secession Wasn’t supposed to be president
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