January 28 pols - Presidential and Semi-Presidential...

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January 28, 2015 Presidential and Semi-Presidential systems - Presidential system of government developed in the US - Loose confederation of the thirteen Amerian states created during the War of independence reflected the general idea that a strong central govt would threaten individual liberties and the rights of individual states - Group known as the “federalists” argued that problems faced in the country made it necessary to create an effective central government - Madison argued that ambition by ensuring that the excecutive branch (headed by the president) AND THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (congress) and the judicial branch were each independent, ambitions of those wanting to become more powerful would be checked by those in other branches who had their own ambition to be powerful - Presidentil systems feature a separation of powers in which the president and congress each have separate bases of authority - Presidential system: system of governing in which the president and congress each separately derive their authority from being elected by the people and have a fixed term of office - Congress : The legislative branch of the American govt consisting of the house of representatives at the senate - Seperation of Powers: basic feature of presidential systems in which the executive, legislative and judicial branches of govt are separate from eac other, with eac having different bases of authority - Parliamentary system: the executive (president and the cabinet) does not need to maintain the support of the legislative to remain in office The President - In a presidential system, president is both head of state and head of govt -

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