U.S. History II study guide Test One - U.S History II Test...

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10/11/15U.S. History II – Test One Study GuideTopic One: The Civil War- The Better Angles of Our Nature (1865)A.It was a plea from Abraham Lincoln made in early 1861, not to resort to war. Despite all efforts at compromise, at 4:30am, April 12, 1861, a confederate battery at Fort Johnson, South Carolina, opened fire on Union forces at Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor. The following day, Union forces surrendered and the Confederate flag was raised over the fort. -No one died at the first battle, except for a white horse.-Abe Lincoln was the first Republican president of the U.S. B.Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses Grant at the Appomattox Court house in Virginia in 1865(Civil War Ends*). Grant’s terms were generous allowing confederate soldiers to take home their horses so they can “put in a crap”.-Lincoln did notwant to punish the south after the war. C.The Steam Ship Sultanawas carrying 2,100 Union Soldiers back north on the Mississippi river. These soldiers had been prisoners at Cahaba and Andersonville—they had been so horrific that they resemble Nazi death camps of WWII. One of the boilers had been poorly patched and the ship was overcrowded. After the boiler exploded, over 1,700 men died.D.Only four days after the South’s surrender, Abe Lincoln, age 54, was shot in the back of the head at Ford Theater while watching the British comedy, “Our American Cousins”. Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth. Vice President Andrew Johnson was named president following the first presidential assassination in American History. Booth was eventually run down and on April 26, 1865, at a Tobacco house, Booth was shot. E.Lewis Paine was to kill Secretary of State William Seward. Paine did stab Seward, but the wound was not fatal. George Azendt was to shoot Johnson. Azendt lost his nerve and never shot Johnson. -Sam Mud was the doctor who mended Booth’s leg when he was injured. -Mud was imprisoned, then given a pardon by Johnson because of his help with the outbreak of yellow fever. -Mary Scott, David Herold, George Azendt, and Louis Paine were all hung.-In the end, eight people went to trial, all found guilty, and four were hung. F.Jefferson Davis was the President of the Confederate States. He was captured, imprisoned, then released, and lived will 81 years of age. G.Three and a half million people, age 18-45 went to war. 620,000 men died in combat, more than any other American War combined. H.Clara Bartoncreated the red cross. I.Nathan Bedford Forestcreated the Ku Klux Klan in Tennessee in 1868.J.Ulysses S. Grantbecomes President for two terms.K.Robert E. Leebecomes president of a college.
Topic Two: Era of Reconstruction– 12-year period, following the Civil War. I.Problems Facing PeaceA.South Physically Devastated*-Cities reduced to rubble.-Factories smokeless.-Transportation system destroyed.-Slave based agricultural system ended. B.Four Million Freed Slaves-90% most illiterate and unskilled.-Had little or no money.-Many took to the road to find separated loved ones, or opportunities. II.Freedman’s Bureau -Set up by the U.S. Government to help freed blacks. -

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