John Brown was a radical abolitionist who believed in the violent overthrow of the slavery system. Brown and his sons led attacks on pro slavery residents during the bleeding Kansas conflicts. He justified that his acts were from the will of God, and that’s why they were okay to continue. He enlisted a small army to attack Harpers Ferry with the goal to get enough from the armory that he could arm a slave rebellion; the ending result in his acting out against slavery was his sentencing to being hanged. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an activist of the women’s rights movement, which was a movement that wanted to give the equal rights and opportunities to women, like men had. She was a writer of the Deceleration of Sentiments, which was based off the deceleration of independence specifically for women’s rights. Before the women’s rights movement, during the civil war she concentrated on abolishing slavery, then became an advocate for women’s suffrage. James K. Polk was the president who stood for expansion. He settled the Canadian boundary with Britain at the 49thparallel to avoid going to war with them over territory issues. During his presidency the US declared war on Mexican troops after Mexican troops thought Polk sent a threat towards the opposing military forces. The Mexican military then attacked the US and Congress declared war with Mexico. Afterthe US occupied Mexico City, Mexico, the enemy troops ended up giving the US the territory of New Mexico and California. Radical Republicans were people who were believed that African Americans were entitled to the same political rights and opportunities as white Americans in the US. They thought that the confederate civil war leaders should be punished for their actsduring the war and treatment of the blacks. Thaddeus Stephens and Charles Sumner wanted to over turn Johnson’s Civil rights act veto.The Whig party was a political party organized in the middle of the 19thcentury. They were opponents of Andrew Jacksons, Democratic Party. They were lead by Henry Clay who also created the party. Many onlookers thought of the Whig party as a political group only devoted to the interests of wealth and aristocracy, and even though many of them didn’t support the Whigs because of their thoughts of what thegoals of the party were, they got some support from a few economic groups and did hold some elections during their time as a political party. Dred Scott v Sanford was a legal case in the 19thcentury that was fought by a Slave that was freed then enslaved again. Dred Scott was a slave in Missouri and then was moved to Illinois, which was a free state therefore making Scott and free man. When he had to return to Missouri from Illinois he was enslaved again and was outraged and sued in court for his right to be a free man. His case was unsuccessful due to his master reinstating that no negro could be a free citizen because of article III of the constitution stating that no African American man could be a citizen of the US, free or enslaved.
David Walker was a black abolitionist and anti-slavery activist. He wrote a book