Ch. 1 Principles of Psychology.pdf - Intro: Principles of...

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Intro: Principles of PsychologyThe Wages of FearPsychology = study of mind and behavior1.1 Psychology’s RootsCan make educated guess to explain prehistoric behaviorsOur ancestors had to pay attention to the behavior of people and other animalsModern life separates us from other animals (totally di±erent environment)Preliterate groups are very knowledgeable of animals tho (di± lifestyle = di± knowledge)Overall, survival is promoted by being in a group (help each other out)“Social brain hypothesis”= humans can only e²ciently keep track of 150 relationships (bc preliterategroups were never bigger than 150)But modern day = we see strangers all the timewe only keep track of 150 people on ongoingbasisEarly philosophers wrestled w/ question about knowledge & realityCivilization developedspecialization in trade & professionAristotle=tutored young people in basic letters & science; interested in sensory illusionsHas some writings on observations of behavior in animals & humansCastrated young roostersgrow up less aggressive as adultsMom drink alcohol during preggomental disabled childrenMorning sickness when preggo w/ a baby girlOptical illusion = when our senses give us distorted view of realityPlato= sensory illusion & skepticism of sensesKnew that people can hallucinate‘Parable of the Cave” = thought experimentWhat if people raised in cave & saw shadows casted by other people w/ fireWould think that the world is just 2D shadows, if they saw real life in 3D would forever havedi± concept of realityrelied on logic & reasoning instead of observations alone (bc can be deceiving)Rene Descartes= Renaissance philo; believe in systemof knowing about reality that does not rely on ourfallible senses“I think, therefore I am”Inspire 1st scientific movement in psych =psychophysicBelieve nervous system = machine; didn’t like dualism of brain as machine & religious/has soul

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Term
Spring
Professor
CarolG.Schachat
Tags
Psychology, Principles of Psychology, On the Origin of Species, Physics,

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