CLONING PAPER

CLONING PAPER - Cloning FYS 4/10/2008 Max Adams For years...

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Cloning FYS 4/10/2008 Max Adams For years and years, the cloning of living beings has just been a piece of science fiction. Although several movies have been created based on human cloning, their scientific accuracy has made the general public dismiss them as something not capable of in the near future. When the first ever living clone of a six-year-old sheep was created the world was in an uproar. Dolly, the sheep clone named after singer Dolly Parton, had been cloned from the udder cell of an adult ewe by a group of scientists in Scotland. People realized that this breakthrough could be a door to unimaginable technology, not necessarily positive. The notion that this discovery could change the world and lives was beginning to threaten the minds of activists and others. Many of the fears that come with these theories are within cultural and religious beliefs, or from being exposed to too many movies. Films of human cloning depict terrible things that happen to those that tamper with nature. A very famous example of this is Mary Shelley's tale of Frankenstein. Even through historic cases, such as where Nazi doctor Joseph Mengele flees to Brazil after the crash of the Nazi rule and World War II and attempts to use Hitler's tissue to create several more Hitlers, people have wondered whether it was truly possible. When Dolly came to existence, the newpapers and their headlines seemed to cause a commotion. Headlines across the world spread like "Will we be able to order biological twins of ourselves like take-out pizzas? Could we clone a basketball team of Michael Jordans? Could we tweak some DNA and reproduce Einstein? Worse, could Saddam Hussein make 10 copies of himself in some underground Baghdad lab?" This was the basic concept to questions raised in the public: The dreaded "What If". Misconceptions about cloning have been common through different cases. Scientists have disputed over the assumption of a clone having the exact same characteristics and personality as its original being. Many have agreed that although the genes may be exactly the same as the 1
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Cloning FYS 4/10/2008 Max Adams clone's original, much more than that makes up a life form's personality. It is argued that the environment plays a very big role in developing an individual, and a clone will never be an exact replica of its original. On the contrary, the two organisms (the original and the clone) that may look exactly the same and have certain similar traits will result as two distinguishing individuals with unique characters and personalities. Another misconception about cloning is that clones are created as instant adults. It is a fact that clones that are even created from adult cells take as long as any other organism to develop and grow. A clone cannot be a replica of its original as it will be born in a different time to its "parent" and thus be brought up in a different environment. There are three techniques of scientific cloning. These are: Nuclear Transfer, The Roslin
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This essay was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course FYS 111 taught by Professor Malone during the Spring '08 term at CSB-SJU.

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CLONING PAPER - Cloning FYS 4/10/2008 Max Adams For years...

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