MS_PHI492Ultilitiraism

MS_PHI492Ultilitiraism - 1-2 Describe the main points...

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1-2. Describe the main points J.S.Mill is making about Utilitarianism. What are the possible criticisms of Utilitarianism? Utilitarianism core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. More specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce. John Stuart Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness." Mill defines happiness as pleasure and the absence of pain. He argues that pleasure can differ in quality and quantity, and that pleasures that are rooted in one's higher faculties should be weighted more heavily than baser pleasures. Another point is that utilitarianism coincides with natural sentiments that originate from humans social nature. Therefore, if society were to embrace utilitarianism as an ethic, people would naturally internalize these standards as morally binding. Utilitarianism has been criticized for many reasons. Utilitarianism that it does not provide adequate protection for individual rights, that not
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