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OctavianA.Restoring Order- his task- no intention if dictatorship - realized previous republican government was impossible- created new political order- avoided king or emperorB.Octavian - Government and TitlesC.Government and Titles - called himself "princeps" "first citizen"- government established was called Principate - claimed he had no greater power than magistrates: he worked for good of people- senate gave him title of Augustus meaning revered one showing how loved he was- religious honor still known for today and given right to wear laurel crow. And oak leavesPraetorian Guard P.G. was accumulating power and influence over imperial matters, very difficult to controlIf P.G. did not receive pay results they demanded, the emperor would not last very longRequirements:oCitizenshipoMilitary experienceoRoman or Italian by birthOctavian (Battle) Defeated the army of Antony at the battle of Actium Julia (Octavian daughter) she was caesars daughter with cornelia, she was engaged to sevilius caepio and then engaged to pompey by her father, died in childbirth while caesar was in brittaniaOctavian's Title Knows he needs a title, but can't be known as a king or a dictator. Instead, takes titles thateach have separate meanings.
Pinceps - "first citizen"Augustus - "Very religious" or "God-like"Pater Patriae - "father of the country" Imperator - "good general" Becomes known in history from this point forward as Augustus. Nero Rome is burningChristian scapegoats for the fire in Rome Tacitus dscriptionPeter and Paul: martyrsoPeter was beheadedoPaul was crucified upside down (I don't want to be crucified like my lord) Pontifex MaximusAgustus Means ruler, first one was Octavian (Exalted One)OctavianRestoring OrderA. Restoring Order- his task