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10 Bioterrorism - Intended Learning Outcomes Understand the...

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1 Biological Warfare and Bioterrorism Dr. John Love 315A, Geoffrey Pope Building [email protected] BIO1313 Lecture 10 Intended Learning Outcomes Understand the concepts of Biological Warfare and Bioterrorism. Discuss examples of biological agents used for military and political applications. Assess the effectiveness of biological agents used as weapons. Scary Thought “Anyone with a biology degree, a credit card and access to the web could produce a lethal biological weapon” Danny Penman, The Guardian 11/12/02 Definitions Biological weapons? The use of biologically active agents (pathogens or biochemicals) that act to cause disease, injury or death for military purposes. Bioterrorism? Definitions Biological weapons: The use of biologically active agents (pathogens or biochemicals) that act to cause disease, injury or death for military purposes. Bioterrorism: The use of biologically active agents to cause terror. Arguably, biological warfare IS bioterrorism. History of Biological Warfare XIV th Century: Tartars catapult the corpses of plague victims into besieged Italian towns. Effect: Plague or panic?
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2 History of Biological Warfare 1763: General Jeffrey Amherst orders blankets from smallpox victims to be distributed to Native Americans. Effect: 50% mortality rate. Survivors developed immunity. History of Biological Warfare 1942: Gruinard Island in Scotland bombed with Anthrax. Effect: 100% of all mammals (sheep) dead in 24h. Island required isolation then decontamination. Declared safe in 1990. History of Biological Warfare 1979: Accident in Sverdlovsk Microbiology facility (USSR) released Anthrax into atmosphere. Effect: 94 cases - 64 deaths. Epidemiology For effective bioweapons you must consider: o Infectivity o Pathogenicity or Toxicity o Virulence (speed of symptoms) o Transmissibility o Incubation period o Persistence o Therapies / Immunity Why?
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