class_1 - December 10, 2005 Egypt Half-Unit Test Study...

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December 10, 2005 Egypt Half-Unit Test Study Notes Rosetta Stone-The Rosetta Stone is a black stone that was found by Napoleon near the Egyptian town of Rosetta in 1799. It had the same passage written on it in three languages: hieroglyphics, demotic, and Greek. used the stone to decipher the Egyptian writing system of hieroglyphics, publishing his first translations in 1821. Polytheism-The belief in or worship of more then one god/goddess Old Kingdom-The Old Kingdom era of ancient Egypt lasted from ca. 2575 to 2130 B.C. and encompassed the third through the sixth dynasties. Egypt became very prosperous; the people introduced irrigation to improve agriculture, the population grew rapidly, and Egypt traded vigorously with its neighbours. Most all of Egypt's pyramids were built during the Old Kingdom period. Howard Carter-Discovered the tomb of boy-king Tutankhamen, almost completely intact, in A.D. 1922. Cheops- Khufu Ramses The Great-Ramses II was the third Egyptian king of the 19th dynasty. His reign was the second longest in Egyptian history, lasting about 66 years from 1279 to 1213 B.C. He was known as Ramses the Great because of his popularity in his own time, as well as because of the extensive building he accomplished, Egypt's prosperity during his reign, and his successful military campaigns. He had hundreds of wives and children. Canopic Jars-Canopic jars were used in ancient Egypt to hold the viscera (usually the lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines) of a mummy. Canopic jars were made of stone,
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class_1 - December 10, 2005 Egypt Half-Unit Test Study...

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