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The Early Period

The Early Period - -The Greeks learn how to use iron...

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The Early Period (2000 BCE – 800BCE) - Achaeans seize Mycenae in the Peloponnesian - The Trojan war begins circa 1250 BCE - New Raiding parties invade from north - Greek- Speaking people start to disperse amongst the Aegean - Construction of Knossos begins - Minoans develop script - Homer writes the Illiad as well as the Oddsey - Invasion and dispersal creates several different Greek dialects such as Dorian, Aeolian and Ionian - Use of light wells and advanced plumage are developed as well as lost by the Mycenaens Early Classical Period (800 BCE – 480 BCE) - First Greek colony is established in Bay of Naples - Syracuse becomes the greatest of the colonies - A second wave of Greek colonization begins - Athenians defeat the Persians at Marathon - Persians defeat the Spartans - The Athenians defeat the forces of xerses of Persia at the battle of Salamis - Greeks adopt Phonecian Alphabet - First Olympics are held - Acropolis is begun in Athens - Trade develops on the Mediterranean - Metal currency comes into common use
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Unformatted text preview: -The Greeks learn how to use iron Classical Greece (480 BCE – 338 BCE)-Athens develops most democratic government of all city states-Athens assumes leadership of Delian League-Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta breaks out-Plague strikes Athens-Sparta emerges victorious over Athens-The great Athenian playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes -Athens is home to the great philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle-Athens becomes a prosperous commercial city-The Parthenon is built in Athens The Hellenistic Age (338 BCE – 27 BCE)-Philip II of Macedonia defeats the independent Greek states at Chaeronia-Alexander becomes king of Macedonia in 336-Alexander dies 323 -Euclid systemizes geometry-Archimedes advances theoretical plans-Philip the II builds a formidable army using the Phalanx formation-Alexander the Great founds the port of Alexandria in 332 and several other cities in his empire...
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The Early Period - -The Greeks learn how to use iron...

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