Exam #1 SG Anthro (Lec)

Exam #1 SG Anthro (Lec) - genotype meiosis natural...

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Anthropology 100 Introduction to Biological Anthropology Fall2015 Mid-term study guide Exam: Tuesday, September 22 Part I. Short answer [80 pts.] Define the term (be specific) and then explain its context and significance in an additional three to five sentences providing a specific example from readings (text book or additional readings) AND a specific example for lecture (lecture examples can be retrieved from power points, video clips, or class room discussions), as it relates to one of the following overarching themes presented in the first four weeks of the semester: evolution/evolutionary theory, genetics, and macro-evolution. Sixteen terms to identify on the mid-term will come from the list below. Each term will be worth 5 pts. DNA eukaryotic cells homologies mutation regulatory genes homeobox genes Scientific method nondisjunction chromosomes evolutionary theory recombinant DNA technology mitosis opposition to evolution
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Unformatted text preview: genotype meiosis natural selection genetic drift epigenetics heterozygous alleles continental drift selective breeding/artificial selection selective pressures m RNA speciation Part II. Short answer, part 2 [5 pts each = 20 pts] Respond to these questions in a minimum of five sentences. You will be asked to answer four of the six questions on the exam – these four questions will come from the list of questions below. 1. What are the main differences between Mendelian and Polygenetic traits? 2. Humans are generalized mammals. What does this mean? 3. How can using cladistics help us to understand speciation? 4. Explain Modern Synthesis theory. How do micro-evolution and macro-evolution work together in this context? 5. What is direct reciprocity, as explained by Martin Nowak in the article Why we Help ? Why is it important to understand this in relation to human behavior? 6. How are DNA and RNA different?...
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