Notes for Exam 1

Notes for Exam 1 - 8.20.07 Departments...

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-1 8.20.07 Departments History 3 rd link - Hist/Phil course Syllabi The Industrializing nation 1819-? A. Description B. Factors Responsible for the rapid, successful industrialization of the U.S. 1. Political unity 2. Favorable geography and climate 3. Abundant natural resources 4. Timing 5. Agricultural revolution 6. Leaders and new inventions; “Captains of Industry” OR “Robber Barons” 7. Immigration A. old immigration B. new immigration 8. Supportive culture and ideology - crucial US crossed threshold into industrialization BEFORE the Civil War 2 nd stage of industrialization is civil War 1870-1900 most ppl cant say that nation would stay industrialized. Only until 1900 was it evident. By 1892 US world’s leading producer of steel (England previously). US also has double production of England and Germany ~ predicted nation’s power Other characteristics of Indus. Nation Changes in where ppl live Rural - farms -> Cities - Megalopolis Occupation Industry -> city living Economic Disequilibrium - more goods are being produced than consumed resulting in surplus Causes tension (farmers -> workers, workers -> owners, workers w/ seniority -> workers who are cheap) Equilibrium - production keeps pace w/ pop’l growth (supply and demand equal) In need of Nat’l economic policy No nation can secede from union No slaves Tension b/t Federalists and ConFederalists. Citizenships- immigrants naturalized or…. 14 th Amendment -took the Civil Rights Act def of citizenship and said that no citizen can be denied the right of life, liberty, or protection. 14 th Amend - Magna Carta of business New England - wood, energy, rapidly moving resources Major restoration 1770-1790 - when England industrialized 1880s-1890s - who for pres? Goods (fiber, cotton, flax, etc) increase in productionn= w/i increase in # or farm workers Longterm cause in productivity caused by Increase in demand Cotton gin and production of cotton revolutionaries US Wheat produced to feed workforce in order to give up subsistence farming to work in factories. 1607-1870 Jamestown founded - US cultivated 408 million acres of land 1870-1900 - added 431 million acres of land Productivity increases - machines Revolution - Political term (Scientific, industrial, etc)
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Qualify as a Revolution Expansion or increase in freedom, liberty(intellectual, religious, etc) Produce change that is fundamental Change in the way goods are made. Machines (capital) do the work of humans and animals 8.22.07 Ÿ 1938 - agriculture surplus Ÿ End of WWI, US becomes creditor nation Ÿ w/o agriculture surplus we wouldn’t have been able to industrialize ( lack of funds) Ÿ Not until 1890s did manufacture exports exceed value of farm exports 6. Leaders and new inventions Ÿ (Joseph Glidden?? - invented barbed wire) Ÿ Cap’t of Industry = positive, entrepreneurs Ÿ Inventions can spawn new industries. Ÿ
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Notes for Exam 1 - 8.20.07 Departments...

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