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Notes for Exam 2 - 9.24.07 9.26 President Theo Roosevelts...

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-19.24.07, 9.26 President Theo Roosevelt’s relationship with the African-American community. - paper due on 9.26.07 (Herbert Croly - wrote a book on Progressive beliefs that analyzed slavery and slave holders, corporations and unions, centralization and democracy, ad individualism as well as national purpose. Influenced T.R. and Woodrow Wilson Louis Brandeis - supreme court Justice, Zionist. “Missionary Diplomacy” - What, who, where, when, How, why? “Dollar Diplomacy” - What, who, where, when, How, why? Bernard Baruch Espionage (1917) & Sedition (1918) Acts) Zimmerman Telegram Fourteen Points League of Nations Article X, of the League Covenant Irreconcilables Reservationists Henry Cabot Lodge War debts and Reparations Red Scare and A Mitchell Palmer Progressivism: A “Liberal” Reform Movement A. Origins 1. 1890’s Depression & Populist movement (Trust: specific form of org. All companies in country belong to one big conglomerate. Has a board of directors with include the CEOs of all of the companies. Come together to determine prices, diff in each place, and then pool money together and divide evenly. Stifle, if not destroy, competition. Destroy greatest percentage of the resources. By 1900 1% of the nation‘s resources weren‘t owned by a conglomerate.) 2. Social Unrest , resulting from problems created by Industrialization and Urbanization, created fear. Feared that socialism would grow and do away with capitalism. Democratic party and Populist party had merged. Dems failed b/c it no longer spoke to the goals and aspirations of the majority of Americans. Still the party of the farmers (days of Jefferson and Jackson) Members of the Republican party understand and welcome the process of industrialization and urbanization. In a better position to temper it rather than destroy it. Lot of advantages. Big company can buy more and sell more, lesser profit margin. ???? Should not be so powerful that it overshadows its people??? Want to humanize industrialization and urbanization. Reform to prevent revolution. 3. Idealism: consciences aroused 4. Muckrakers’ role, also settlement houses Settlement houses: place where immigrants and other ppl can clean up and learn how to live in a more industrial society. Women who run them become deeply involved in the social reforms of the day (such as child labor). *****Look up Jane Adams***** These women are upper-middle class women, who aren’t married (due to loss of men’s lives during Civil War), well educated, but unaccepted in society b/c it felt that women should only be teachers. Social Worker (social work) - field of work created by these women. B. Characteristics: 1. Movement spanned political parties 2. Leaders: middle & upper middle class business, religious, professional leaders (men & women) 3. Begin at local levels in east & Midwest cities, moved to state level, then became national with Pres. T. Roosevelt C. T. Roosevelt’s Background & concept of Executive and Legislative Roles
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Ÿ Jefferson, Jackson, and Lincoln - three strong Presidents of the 19 th century. Others look to Congress to provide leadership (where we are and where we should go).
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