Notes for Final Exam

Notes for Final Exam - Chaps 29-35 10.31.07 Breckinridge...

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-1Chaps 29-35 10.31.07 Breckinridge Long Cesar Augusta Sandino Chiang, Kai-shek, also spelled Jiang Jieshi “China Hands” identify & explain issues Joseph McCarthy I. Postwar isolationism A. Evidence of isolationist sentiment B. Counteractions of world involvement C. Relations with the League D. The war-debt tangle 1. Problems with repayment of debts 2. Linkage of debts to reparations 3. Depression and debt cancellation E. Efforts toward disarmament 1. A substitute for League membership 2. Strained Japanese-American relations 3. The Washington Armaments Conference (Washington Naval Conf - Dec 1921 - Feb 1922) a. Hughes’s initiative b. Agreements made at the conference 5 power Pact U.S. - 5 Gt. Britain - 5 Japan - 3 Italy - 1.75 France - 1.75 500,000 tons displaced????? Only deals with battleships, not aircraft, destroyers, submarines so no limit on what the country can do with those things 4 Power Pact - terminate the Anglo-Jap alliance. Agreed to respect one another’s possessions in the Pacific. If one of the 4 nations listed is attacked then the countries will get together and “talk about what to do”. Don’t wan armed alliances. U.S. Gt. Britain France Japan 21 Demands oppose any Japanese Non recognition Doctrine Lansing Ishii Agreement CCP (Chinese Communist Party) Canada or G.B. don’t want to fight US in war w/ Japan 9 Power Pact - All countries agree to abide by the “Open door”
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policy with China, respecting their territory and not trying to put pressure on them (direct or indirect imperialism) c. Effects of the treaties 4. The movement to outlaw war Locarno Pact - 1925 a. Development of the Kellogg-Briand Pact (Pact of Paris) - said that France and US won’t go to war with each other. Tried to get countries to sign it and say that they won’t use war as an instrument of national policy. b. Effect of the pact F. The “Good-Neighbor” Policy - Given name by FDR but policy began in the 1920s under Harding, Coolidge and Hoover 1. Early efforts to improve relations with Latin America Necessary expansion of American business abroad. Policy actually hurting business. Platt Amendment (1901) - abrogated, Withdrew troops from Haiti and Nicaragua 2. Hoover and the Clark Memorandum Rosevelt corollary …. Monroe doctrine doesn’t give the U.S. the righto tintervene in the internal affairs of Latin American countries but they CAN if it involves Nat’l security. 3. Further improvements under FDR II. War clouds A. Japanese incursion in China Free economic sanctions might make Japan more aggressive, Simpson Non- recognition, policy. 1.Chinese weaknesses 2. Japanese occupation of Manchuria 3. Reactions to occupation a. League condemnation b. Japan’s withdrawal from the League B. Mussolini’s rise to power C. Hitler’s rise to power D. American recognition of the Soviet Union E. Aggression in Asia and Europe 1. Italian invasion of Ethiopia, 1935 Italy very weak in 1925 attacks Ethiopia and wins.
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