Study Guide for Exam 1

Study Guide for Exam 1 - History 2112 Study Guide for...

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-1History 2112 Study Guide for Exam #1 - 9.17.07 Themes: 1. Industrialization/Urbanization of the United States 2. Response to Industrialization A. On the part of the farmers - the Grange, Farm Alliances, Populist Movement: origins, members, goals/platform, significance of B. On the part of the immigrant, urban worker; labor union movement C. On the part of the urban middle and upper middle class - Progressive Reform movement 3. Foreign Policy A. Imperialism or Expansion? B. Traditional U.S. foreign policy D. Significance Nineteenth century liberalism belief in the doctrine of PROGRESS. History is linear and we are progressing from a less perfect to a more perfect state. Extremely lenient gov’t Darwinism Natural selection Social Darwinism Herbert Spencer, survival of the fittest Reform Darwinism Cooperation, not competition, helps foster progress. Laissez faire “hands-free” gov’t Herbert Spencer Came up with social Darwinism, idea of Survival of the fittest Lester Frank Ward Founder of Reform Darwinism Andrew Carnegie Steel tycoon, originally delivery boy, worked for a “railroad switcher” was given stock tip and soon made money from it J.D. Rockefeller Oil tycoon, used vertical integreation (made products used to keep fom having to pay manufacturers and shipping)
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J.P. Morgan
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Theodore Roosevelt
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John Hay
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“spheres of influence”
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Taft-Katsura Memorandum
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Grover Cleveland
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Oliver Kelley Postal worker Uriah P. Stephens Founded the National Labor Union Terrence Powderley Founded the Knights of Labor workers organization Samuel Gompers American Federation of Labor founding President Albert Beveridge Senator from Indiana, friend of Ted Roosevelt, debate of whether US should acquire Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico. Tom Watson leader in GA that worked to bring Black and White farmers together in the Populist movem’t to oppose the conservative Dems. Believed that unity would gain them control over the political system. Successful movement but Conservative Dems controlled the election machinery = no secret ballot. Intimidation occurred, votes were held up, and changed. In this way, the Cons Dems were able to break up the unity w/in the Black and White Populists, thus paving the way for the Jim Crow Laws.
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William F. Mckinley
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 2112 taught by Professor Papageorge during the Fall '07 term at Kennesaw.

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Study Guide for Exam 1 - History 2112 Study Guide for...

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