Midterm ANT 206

Midterm ANT 206 - Lena Lander ANT 206/Professor Smiley...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lena Lander ANT 206/Professor Smiley November 26, 2007 Midterm 1. Part 1: Cultures There are several theories as to where the first people that will be discussed here came from. The first theory is the Clovis First Theory 1 . This proposes that people came over the Baring Land Bridge (then went either inland or along the coast). Another theory is the French Connection. This theorizes that the Solutrean people from France came over Newfoundland. This is supported by finding European genetics in Native Americans and the overshot flaking in the projectiles they made (like the Clovis point) 2 . The final theory is that they came from Australia to South America 3 . Although disputed, the Bering Land Bridge theory is more accepted than the others and brings us straight to North America about 13,000 years ago. The PaleoAmerican period is the earliest period of population of band level societies in North America. The discovery of the Clovis point dates the Clovis people back to 13,500 years ago. As mentioned in vLecture 1 of Unit 2, there is also talk about people having lived there as early as 16,000 BP. These earliest people were megafauna hunters, that is hunted such animals as mammoths, the Pleistocene bison and the short faced bear. From physical, physiological and linguistic evidence, these people are said to have come over the Baring Land Bridge from Siberia 4 .They were a highly mobile people and skilled, brave hunters. The Clovis point was essential in hunting such big game. 1 America’s Stone Age Explorers (NOVA) 2 vLecture1: Megafaune Hunters- Clovis to Folsom 3 vLecture1: The PaleoAmerican World (introduction) 4 Wenke: First Americans 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
After the Clovis people we see a culture called Folsom. Their projectile point, the Folsom point, is more complex, thinner and harder to craft. They were excellent hunters and skilled flintknappers 5 . Agate Basin culture, which was identified through their projectile points and the game they hunt was next. The large Pleistocene bison has now been replaced by a smaller version, but now congregate in larger groups. This culture had techniques to trap the bison 6 . The Hell Gap cultures came right after the Agate Basin culture and hunted the bison as well. They were also studied through their projectile point style 7 . Following this, came the Cody Eden projectile point style and its culture, shortly followed by the Scott’s Bluff culture. They were last Paleo hunters and also trapped bison when hunting. We now look at the Basketmaker II people, in the period from about 4,500 years ago to 2,000 years ago. They got their name from the baskets they left behind, but were actually the first people to farm the Colorado Plataeu, an extremely harsh endeavor 8 . Their main crops were corn and squash. They also depended on cordage for their baskets. They were not band level societies, nor had they become tribes. They were in a period of transition. They were also semi mobile, but lived in alcoves. They also began building storage units
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This test prep was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ANT 206 taught by Professor Smiley during the Spring '08 term at N. Arizona.

Page1 / 8

Midterm ANT 206 - Lena Lander ANT 206/Professor Smiley...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online